Echinops

Echinops

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Echinops L., Sp. Pl.: 814. 1753
    • =Acantholepis Less. in Linnaea 6: 88. 1831

    Distribution

    AE(G T) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A) BH Bu By Cg Cm Cr Cs Ct Cy Eg Ga(F M) Gg Gr He Hs(S) Hu Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Mk Mo Po Rf(C CS E K S) Rm Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [pAu(L) nBe(L) nBr pDa pEs nGe pHb(E) nHo aIs aLa pLt aNo pRf(NW) pSu] 

    Euro+Med: Albania native; Algeria native; Armenia native; Austria, with Liechtenstein native (Austria native, Liechtenstein introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation); Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan native, Nakhchivan native); Belarus native; Belgium, with Luxembourg naturalised (Luxembourg naturalised); Bosnia-Herzegovina native; Bulgaria native; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea native; Croatia native; Cyprus native; Czech Republic native; Denmark introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands native, Turkish East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Estonia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France native, Monaco native); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native; Germany naturalised; Great Britain naturalised; Greece native; Hungary native; Iceland casual; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation); Israel/Palestine native; Italy native; Jordan native; Latvia casual; Lebanon native; Libya native; Lithuania introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Moldova native; Montenegro native; Morocco native; Netherlands naturalised; North Macedonia native; Norway casual; Poland native; Portugal native; Romania native; Russia (C European Russia native, E European Russia native, Kaliningrad region native, NW European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, North Caucasus native, S European Russia native); Serbia, with Kosovo native; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily native); Sinai native; Slovakia native; Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Spain native); Sweden introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Switzerland native; Syria native; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine native; Ukraine, with Crimea native

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): EkinopsA; Arabic (Lebanon): بَرْدَوَرْدB, قَرْقَفانB; Arabic (Syria): أَقَنْثولِبيسC, بَرْدَوَرْدD, قَرْقَفانD; Armenian (Armenia): ԹոփփուշE, ՈզնագլխիկE, ՓշաթեփուկF; Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): ТопjарпагG, ТоппузтиканH; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): ЧелядникI; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): KogeldistelJ; Estonian (Estonia): MesiohakasK; German (Germany): KugeldistelL; Hebrew (Israel): עקצוץM, קיפודןN; Italian (Italy): Cardo-pallottolaO; Latvian (Latvia): EžziedeK; Lithuanian (Lithuania): BandrenisK; Polish (Poland): PrzegorzanP; Romanian (Moldova): РостоголQ; Russian (Armenia): АкантолеписF, МордовникE; Russian (Russia): МордовникR; Swedish (Sweden): BolltistlarS; Ukrainian (Ukraine): ГоловатеньT

    Bibliography

    A. Vangjeli, J. (ed.), Flore de l'Albanie 4. 2000
    B. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
    C. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008 (as Acantholepis Less.)
    D. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
    E. Flora of Armenia 9. 1995
    F. Flora of Armenia 9. 1995 (as Acantholepis Less.)
    G. Karjagin, I. I., Flora azerbajdžana 8. 1961 (as Acantholepis Less.)
    H. Karjagin, I. I., Flora azerbajdžana 8. 1961
    I. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A., Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. 1992
    J. Meijden, R. van der, Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. 1990
    K. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R., Flora baltijskich respublik. Flora of the Baltic countries. 3. 2003
    L. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. 2005
    M. Danin, A., Flora of Israel Online (as Acantholepis Less.)
    N. Danin, A., Flora of Israel Online
    O. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
    P. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & al., Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. in Biodiversity Poland 1. 2002
    Q. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986
    R. Fedorov, A. A., Flora Partis europaeae URSS 7. 1994
    S. Karlsson & Thomas, Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter
    T. Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. 1999