Silene viscaria

Silene viscaria

Synonymy

Source: Marhold, K. (2011+): Caryophyllaceae. – In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Silene viscaria (L.) Jess., Deut. Excurs.-Fl.: 280. 1879
  • Lychnis viscaria L., Sp. Pl.: 436. 1753
  • Silene viscaria (L.) Borkh. in Rhein. Mag. Erweit. Naturk. 1: 520. 1793
  • Steris viscaria (L.) Raf., Autik. Bot.: 27. 1840
  • =Viscaria vulgaris Röhl. in Hoffmann, Deutschl. Fl. 2: 275. 1812
  • =Viscaria viscosa Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 85. 1860, nom. illeg.
  • =Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria
  • =Viscaria vulgaris Bernh.
  • =Viscaria vulgaris Bernh. subsp. vulgaris

Distribution

Al Au(A) Be Br Bu Cg -Cm Cs Ct Da Es Fe Ga(F) Ge Gr He Hs(S) Hu It La Lt -Lu Mk Mo No Po Rm Sl Sr Su Tu(A E) 

Euro+Med not endemicA: Albania nativeB,C,D,E,F,G; Austria, with Liechtenstein nativeE,F (Austria nativeH); Belgium, with Luxembourg nativeE,F; Bulgaria nativeC,D,E,F,I,J,K,L,M; Crimea native: reported in errorN; Croatia nativeO,P,Q; Czech Republic nativeR; Denmark nativeE,F,S; Estonia nativeT; Finland nativeE,F,S,U,V; Former Yugoslavia nativeC,D,E,F; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France nativeN); Germany nativeAA,AB,AC,AD,AE,AF,E,F,W,X,Y,Z; Great Britain nativeE,F; Greece nativeC,D,E,F; Hungary nativeAG,AH,E,F; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativeA,AI,C,D,E,F; Latvia nativeT; Lithuania nativeT; Moldova nativeAJ; Montenegro nativeAK; North Macedonia nativeAL; Norway nativeAM,AN,E,F,S; Poland nativeAO,AP,E,F; Portugal native: reported in errorN; Romania nativeAQ,AR,E,F; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeAS; Slovenia nativeAT; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeN (Spain nativeAU,AV); Sweden nativeAW,AX,AY,AZ,E,F,S; Switzerland nativeAC,BA,BB,BC,BD,BE,BF,E,F; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeBG, Turkey-in-Europe nativeBG,C,D,E,F); Ukraine, with Crimea nativeBH,BI,BJ,BK

Common Names

Albanian (Albania): LulengjitësjaBL; Croatian (Croatia): lepicaBM; Czech (Czech Republic): smolnička obecnáBN; Danish (Denmark): Almindelig TjærenellikeBO, TjærenellikeBP; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): Rode pekanjerBQ; Estonian (Estonia): TõrvalillT; Finnish (Finland): kalliomäkitervakkoBO, mäkitervakkoBP; French (Switzerland): Attrape-mouchesBR, Silène viscaireBR; German (Germany): PechnelkeBS; German (Switzerland): Gewöhnliche PecknelkeBT; Icelandic (Iceland): límberiBP; Italian (Switzerland): Crotonella viscariaBU; Latvian (Latvia): parastā sveķeneT; Lithuanian (Lithuania): gaisrena smaliukėT; Norwegian (Norway): tjæreblomBP; Romanian (Moldova): Липичоасэ обишнуитэAJ; Romanian (Romania): LipicioasăBV; Slovenian (Slovenia): Navadna smolnicaBW; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): tjärblomsterBX; Swedish (Sweden): tjärblomsterBP, vanligt tjärblomsterBO; Welsh (Wales): Lluglys GludiogBY

Bibliography

A. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 1 (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
B. Barina, Z. 2017: Distribution atlas of vascular plants in Albania. – Budapest: Hungarian Natural History Museum (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
C. Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M. & Long, G. 1984: Med-Checklist 1. – Genève & Berlin (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
D. Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M. & Long, G. 1984: Med-Checklist 1. – Genève & Berlin (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
E. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
F. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
G. Vangjeli, J. 2017: Flora Albanica. Atlas 1. – Schmitten-Obereifenberg: Koeltz (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
H. Adler, W., Oswald, K. & Fischer, R. 1994: Exkursionsflora von Österreich. – Stuttgart & Wien (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
I. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Viscaria vulgaris Bernh. subsp. vulgaris)
J. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
K. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
L. Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M. & Long, G. 1984: Med-Checklist 1. – Genève & Berlin (as Viscaria vulgaris Bernh. subsp. vulgaris)
M. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Viscaria vulgaris Bernh. subsp. vulgaris)
N. Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M. & Long, G. 1984: Med-Checklist 1. – Genève & Berlin
O. Nikolić, T. 1994: Flora Croatica, Index Florae Croaticae. – Zagreb: Croatian Natural History Museum (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
P. Nikolić, T. 1994: Flora Croatica, Index Florae Croaticae. – Zagreb: Croatian Natural History Museum (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
Q. Nikolić, T. 2020: Flora Croatica. Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske 2. – Zagreb (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
R. Danihelka, J., Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. 2012: Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic. – Preslia 84: 647-811 (as Viscaria vulgaris Bernh.)
S. Jonsell, B. 2001: Flora Nordica 2 (as Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke subsp. vulgaris)
T. Laasimer, L., Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Lekavičius, A. (ed.) 1993: Flora of the Baltic countries. Flora Baltijskich Respublik 1. – Tartu: Estonian Academy of Sciences (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
U. Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & Uotila, P. 1998: Retkeilykasvio, ed. 4. – Helsinki (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
V. Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & Uotila, P. 1998: Retkeilykasvio, ed. 4. – Helsinki (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
W. Rothmaler, W. 1994: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4. Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 8. – Jena, Stuttgart (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
X. Rothmaler, W. 1994: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4. Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 8. – Jena, Stuttgart (as Silene viscaria (L.) Borkh.)
Y. Rothmaler, W. 1994: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4. Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 8. – Jena, Stuttgart (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
Z. Rothmaler, W. 2000: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Atlasband 10, ed. 10, 3 (as Silene viscaria (L.) Borkh.)
AA. Rothmaler, W. 2000: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Atlasband 10, ed. 10, 3 (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AB. Rothmaler, W. 2000: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Atlasband 10, ed. 10, 3 (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AC. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Silene viscaria (L.) Borkh.)
AD. Wisskirchen, R. & Haeupler, H. 1998: Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. – Stuttgart (as Silene viscaria (L.) Borkh.)
AE. Wisskirchen, R. & Haeupler, H. 1998: Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. – Stuttgart (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AF. Wisskirchen, R. & Haeupler, H. 1998: Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. – Stuttgart (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AG. Horváth, F., Dobolyi, Z. K., Morschhauser, T, Lőkös, L., Karas, L. & Szerdahelyi, T. 1995: Flóra adatbázis 1.2. Taxon-lista és attribútum allomány. – Vácrátót (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AH. Horváth, F., Dobolyi, Z. K., Morschhauser, T, Lőkös, L., Karas, L. & Szerdahelyi, T. 1995: Flóra adatbázis 1.2. Taxon-lista és attribútum allomány. – Vácrátót (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AI. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 1 (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AJ. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. – Kisinev: Shtiintza (as Steris viscaria (L.) Raf.)
AK. Rohlena, J. 1942: Conspectus florae montenegrinae. – Preslia. Věstník (Časopis) československé botanické společnosti 20-21: 1-506 (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AL. Micevski, K. 1993: Flora na Republika Makedonija 1(2). – Skopje: Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AM. Lid, D. T. 1994: Norsk Flora, ed. 6. – Oslo (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AN. Lid, D. T. 1994: Norsk Flora, ed. 6. – Oslo (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AO. Mirek, Z. 1995: Vascular plants of Poland. A Checklist. – Polish Botanical Studies Guidebook Series 15 (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AP. Mirek, Z. 1995: Vascular plants of Poland. A Checklist. – Polish Botanical Studies Guidebook Series 15 (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AQ. Ciocîrlan, V. 1988: Flora Ilustrata a României 1. – Bucureşti: Editura Ceres (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AR. Ciocîrlan, V. 1988: Flora Ilustrata a României 1. – Bucureşti: Editura Ceres (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AS. Stevanović, V. 2012: Flora Srbije 2. – Beograd: Srpska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosti (as Viscaria vulgaris Röhl.)
AT. Martinčič, A. 1999: Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. – Ljubljana (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AU. Castroviejo, S. 1990: Flora Iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. 2 (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AV. Castroviejo, S. 1990: Flora Iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. 2 (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AW. Karlsson, T. 1998: Förteckning över svenska kärlväxter. – Svensk botanisk tidskrift utgifven af svenska botaniska föreningen 91(5): 241-560 (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
AX. Karlsson, T. 1998: Förteckning över svenska kärlväxter. – Svensk botanisk tidskrift utgifven af svenska botaniska föreningen 91(5): 241-560 (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AY. Krok, T. O. B. N. & Almquist, S. 1994: Svensk Flora: Fanerogamer och ormbunksvaxter 27, ed. 27. – Stockholm (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
AZ. Krok, T. O. B. N. & Almquist, S. 1994: Svensk Flora: Fanerogamer och ormbunksvaxter 27, ed. 27. – Stockholm (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BA. Aeschimann, D. & Burdet, H. M. 1994: Flore de la Suisse, ed. 2. – Neuchâtel (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BB. Aeschimann, D. & Burdet, H. M. 1994: Flore de la Suisse, ed. 2. – Neuchâtel (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
BC. Aeschimann, D. & Burdet, H. M. 1994: Flore de la Suisse, ed. 2. – Neuchâtel (as Silene viscaria (L.) Borkh.)
BD. Hess, H. E. 1998: Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete, ed. 4. – Basel, Boston & Berlin (as Lychnis viscaria L. subsp. viscaria)
BE. Hess, H. E. 1998: Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete, ed. 4. – Basel, Boston & Berlin (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BF. Hess, H. E. 1998: Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete, ed. 4. – Basel, Boston & Berlin (as Silene viscaria (L.) Borkh.)
BG. Güner, A. 2012: Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. – Istanbul
BH. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. 1999: Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. – Kiev: M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (as Steris viscaria (L.) Raf.)
BI. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. 1999: Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. – Kiev: M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BJ. Prokudin, J. N. 1987: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BK. Prokudin, J. N. 1987: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka (as Steris viscaria (L.) Raf.)
BL. Demiri, M. 1981: Flora Ekskursioniste E Shqiperise (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BM. Nikolić, T. 2000: Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 1. – Natura Croatica 3, Suppl. 1 (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BN. Klic na kvetene Ceske republiky (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BO. Jonsell, B. 2001: Flora Nordica 2 (as Viscaria vulgaris Bernh. subsp. vulgaris)
BP. Jonsell, B. 2001: Flora Nordica 2 (as Viscaria vulgaris Bernh.)
BQ. Meijden, R. van der 1990: Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. – Groningen (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BR. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS). – Genève (as Silene viscaria (L.) Jess.)
BS. Rothmaler, W. (ed. Jäger, E. J.) 2011: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Grundband, ed. 20. – Heidelberg: Spektrum (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BT. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angenzenden Gebiete (as Silene viscaria (L.) Jess.)
BU. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Indice sinonimico della Flora della Svizzera e territori limitrofi (as Silene viscaria (L.) Jess.)
BV. Ciocârlan, V. 2009: Flora Ilustrată a României: Pteridophyta et Spermatophyta. – Bucureşti (as Lychnis viscaria L.)
BW. Martinčič, A. 1999: Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. – Ljubljana (as Viscaria vulgaris Bernh.)
BX. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS (as Viscaria vulgaris Bernh.)
BY. Ellis, R. G. 1983: Flowering Plants of Wales. – National Museum of Wales (as Lychnis viscaria L.)