Taraxacum

Taraxacum

Synonymy

Source: Kirschner, J., Štepánek, J. & Greuter, W. (2007+): Taraxacum. – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Taraxacum F. H. Wigg., Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 56. 1780, nom. cons.
    • Taraxacum cupreum, nom. inval.
    • Taraxacum filiflorum, nom. inval.
    • Taraxacum officinale subsp. dens-leonis, nom. inval.
    • "Taraxacum alpinum" sensu Guinochet & Vilmorin 198211
    • "Taraxacum dens-leonis" sensu Bouchard 19784; sensu Sampaio 194716
    • "Taraxacum laciniatum" sensu Coutinho 19397
    • "Taraxacum laevigatum" sensu Guinochet & Vilmorin 198211
    • "Taraxacum officinale" sensu Al-Eisawi 19821; sensu Borges & al. 20053; sensu Boulos 19795; sensu Coste 1902–19036; sensu Davis 19758; sensu Dedkov, V. P. (ed.) 19999; sensu Fiori 1925–192910; sensu Hansen & Sunding 199312; sensu Hohenester & Welss 199313; sensu Knoche 192214; sensu Löve 198315; sensu Stierstorfer & Gaisberg 200617
    • "Taraxacum officinale var. laevigatum" sensu Boissier 18752
    • 1. Al-Eisawi, D. 1982: List of Jordan vascular plants. – Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 18: 79-182, 2. Boissier, E. 1875: Flora orientalis 3, 3. Borges, P. A. V., Cunha, R., Gabriel, R., Martins, A. F., Silva, L. & Vieira, V. 2005: Listagem da fauna e flora (Mollusca e Arthropoda) (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta) terrestres dos Açores, 4. Bouchard, J. 1978: Flore pratique de la Corse, ed. 3, 5. Boulos, L. 1979: A check-list of the Libyan flora 3. Compositae (by C. Jeffrey). – Candollea 34: 307-332, 6. Coste, H. 1902–1903: Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France 2, 7. Coutinho, A. X. P. 1939: A flora de Portugal, ed. 2, 8. Davis, P. H. 1975: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5, 9. Dedkov, V. P. (ed.) 1999: Konspekt sosudistyh rastenij Kaliningradskoj Oblasti, 10. Fiori, A. 1925–1929: Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2, 11. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de 1982: Flore de France 4, 12. Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. 1993: Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4th revised edition. – Sommerfeltia 17, 13. Hohenester, A. & Welss, W. 1993: Exkursionsflora für die Kanarischen Inseln mit Ausblicken auf ganz Makaronesien, 14. Knoche, H. 1922: Flora balearica 2, 15. Löve, Á. 1983: Flora of Iceland, 16. Sampaio, G. 1947: Flora portuguesa, ed. 2, 17. Stierstorfer, C. & Gaisberg, M. von 2006: Annotated checklist and distribution of the vascular plants of El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain. – Englera 27: 1-221

    Distribution

    AE(G T) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) Az(C F dJ L M) BH Be(B L) Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(C dF G dL P T) Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fa Fe Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Ir Is It Jo La Le Li Lt Lu Ma Md(M) Mk Mo No Po Rf(A C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa Sb Si(M S) Sk Sl Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [pAz(G P S T) aCa(H) Md(P)] 

    Euro+Med not endemic: Albania native; Algeria native; Armenia native; Austria, with Liechtenstein native (Austria native, Liechtenstein native); Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan nativenativeA, Nakhchivan native); Azores native (Corvo native, Faial native, Flores native, Graciosa introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationB,C, Pico introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationB,C, Santa Maria introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationB,C, São Jorge native: doubtfully native, São Miguel native, Terceira introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationB,C); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca nativenativeD,E, Menorca native); Belarus native; Belgium, with Luxembourg native (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bosnia-Herzegovina native; Bulgaria native; Canary islands (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully native, Gomera native, Gran Canaria native, Hierro casualF, La Palma native, Lanzarote native: doubtfully native, Tenerife native); Corsica nativenativeG,H,I,J; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea native; Croatia nativenativeI; Cyprus native; Czech Republic native; Denmark native; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativenativeA, Turkish East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Estonia native; Faroe islands native; Finland native; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco native (Channel islands nativenativeK, France nativenativeH,J,L,M); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native; Germany native; Great Britain native; Greece native; Hungary native; Iceland nativenativeN; Ireland, with N Ireland native (Ireland native, Northern Ireland native); Israel/Palestine native; Italy native; Jordan nativenativeO; Latvia native; Lebanon nativenativeA; Libya nativenativeP; Lithuania native; Madeira archipelago (Madeira island nativenativeC, Porto Santo introduced); Moldova native; Montenegro native; Morocco native; Netherlands native; North Macedonia native; Norway native; Poland native; Portugal nativenativeQ,R,S; Romania native; Russia (C European Russia native, E European Russia native, Kaliningrad region nativenativeT, N European Russia native, NW European Russia native, North Caucasus native, Novaya Zemlya & Franz-Joseph Land native, S European Russia native); Sardinia nativenativeI; Serbia, with Kosovo native; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily nativenativeI); Slovakia native; Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra native, Spain native); Svalbard native; Sweden native; Switzerland native; Syria nativenativeA; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativenativeA,U, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine native; Ukraine, with Crimea native

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): LuleshurdheV; Arabic (Lebanon): طَرَخْشَقونW; Arabic (Syria): طَرَخْشَقونX; Armenian (Armenia): ԽատուտիկY; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): ГлухарчеZ, РадикаZ; Finnish (Finland): voikukatAA; French (Belgium): PissenlitAB; French (Corse): PissenlitAC; French (France): PissenlitAD; German (Germany): KuhblumeAE, LöwenzahnAE; Italian (Italy): TarassacoAF; Romanian (Moldova): ПэпэдиеAG; Russian (Armenia): ОдуванчикY; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): maskrosorAA

    Bibliography

    A. Boissier, E. 1875: Flora orientalis 3 (as Taraxacum officinale var. laevigatum)
    B. Borges, P. A. V., Cunha, R., Gabriel, R., Martins, A. F., Silva, L. & Vieira, V. 2005: Listagem da fauna e flora (Mollusca e Arthropoda) (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta) terrestres dos Açores (as Taraxacum officinale)
    C. Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. 1993: Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4th revised edition. – Sommerfeltia 17 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    D. Duvigneaud, J. 1979: Catalogue provisoire de la flore des Baléares [ed. 2]. – Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Médit. 17, Suppl: 1-43 (as Taraxacum cupreum)
    E. Knoche, H. 1922: Flora balearica 2 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    F. Stierstorfer, C. & Gaisberg, M. von 2006: Annotated checklist and distribution of the vascular plants of El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain. – Englera 27: 1-221 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    G. Bouchard, J. 1978: Flore pratique de la Corse, ed. 3 (as Taraxacum dens-leonis)
    H. Coste, H. 1902–1903: Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France 2 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    I. Fiori, A. 1925–1929: Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    J. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de 1982: Flore de France 4 (as Taraxacum laevigatum)
    K. Perring, F. H. & Walters, S. M. 1982: Atlas of the British flora, ed. 3
    L. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica]: Tela Botanica. Flore électronique. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine – http://www.tela-botanica.org/page:eflore (as Taraxacum filiflorum)
    M. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de 1982: Flore de France 4 (as Taraxacum alpinum)
    N. Löve, Á. 1983: Flora of Iceland (as Taraxacum officinale)
    O. Al-Eisawi, D. 1982: List of Jordan vascular plants. – Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 18: 79-182 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    P. Boulos, L. 1979: A check-list of the Libyan flora 3. Compositae (by C. Jeffrey). – Candollea 34: 307-332 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    Q. Coutinho, A. X. P. 1939: A flora de Portugal, ed. 2 (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. dens-leonis)
    R. Coutinho, A. X. P. 1939: A flora de Portugal, ed. 2 (as Taraxacum officinale var. laciniatum)
    S. Sampaio, G. 1947: Flora portuguesa, ed. 2 (as Taraxacum vulgare var. dens-leonis)
    T. Dedkov, V. P. (ed.) 1999: Konspekt sosudistyh rastenij Kaliningradskoj Oblasti (as Taraxacum officinale)
    U. Davis, P. H. 1975: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    V. Vangjeli, J. (ed.) 2000: Flore de l'Albanie 4
    W. Nehmé, M. 2000: Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban
    X. Nehmé, M. 2008: Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora
    Y. 1995: Flora of Armenia 9
    Z. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija
    AA. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo.
    AB. Mauhin, F. 2007: Les noms français des plantes vasculaires de Belgique et des Régions voisines – http://www.lessources-cnb.be
    AC. Gamisans, J. 2007: Flora Corsica
    AD. 2006: Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone – http://www.tela-botanica.org/
    AE. Rothmaler, W. 2005: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10
    AF. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3
    AG. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3