Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Notobasis (Cass.) Cass. in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 35: 170. 1825
  • Polyacantha Vaill. in Königl. Akad. Wiss. Paris Phys. Abh. 5: 157. 1754
  • Cirsium subg. Notobasis Cass. in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 25: 225. 1822


AE(G T) Ab(A) Ag Al Bl(I M N) Co Cr Cy Eg Gr Hs(S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma ?Md(dM) Mk Sa Si(M S) Sn Sy Tn Tu(A E) [pCa(C L) aGa(F)] 

Euro+Med: Albania native; Algeria native; Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan native); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca native, Menorca native); Canary islands introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation (Gran Canaria introduced, Lanzarote introduced); Corsica native; Crete, with Karpathos native; Cyprus native; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands native, Turkish East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France casual); Greece native; Israel/Palestine native; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City native; Jordan native; Lebanon native; Libya native; Madeira archipelago native: presence questionable (Madeira island native: doubtfully native); Morocco native; North Macedonia native; Portugal native; Sardinia native; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily native); Sinai native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Spain native); Syria native; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native, Turkey-in-Europe native)

Common Names

Albanian (Albania): NotobasA; Arabic (Lebanon): نوتوبازِسB; Arabic (Syria): نوتوبازِسC; Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): НотобазисD; French (Corse): NotobaseE; Hebrew (Israel): בַּרְקָןF, ברקןF; Italian (Italy): CardoG


A. Vangjeli, J. (ed.) 2000: Flore de l'Albanie 4
B. Nehmé, M. 2000: Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban
C. Nehmé, M. 2008: Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora
D. Karjagin, I. I. 1961: Flora azerbajdžana 8. – Baku
E. Gamisans, J. 2007: Flora Corsica
F. Danin, A.: Flora of Israel Online –
G. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3. – Bologna