Sonchus oleraceus

Sonchus oleraceus

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Sonchus oleraceus L., Sp. Pl.: 794. 1753
    • =Sonchus ciliatus Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 87. 1779
    • =Sonchus lacerus Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1513. 1803
    • =Sonchus royleanus DC., Prodr. 7: 184. 1838
    • =Sonchus ciliatus var. subbipinnatifidus Guss., Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 196. 1855
    • Sonchus subbipinnatifidus (Guss.) Zenari in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., ser. 2, 31: 9. 1924

    Distribution

    AE(G T) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) BH Be(B L) Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(dC dF dG dH dL dP dT) Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fe Ga(C F M) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A G S) Hu Ir It Jo La Le Li Lt Lu Ma Md(dD dM dP) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa dSg Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [pAz(C F G J L M P S T) aIs] 

    Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativeA,B,C,D,E; Algeria nativeF,G,H; Armenia nativeI,J; Austria, with Liechtenstein nativeC (Austria nativeK,L, Liechtenstein nativeM); Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan (core) nativeI,N,O, Nakhchivan nativeI); Azores (Corvo introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Faial introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Flores introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Graciosa introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Pico introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Santa Maria introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, São Jorge introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, São Miguel introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Terceira introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R); Baleares nativeC,S,T (Ibiza nativeU,V,W, Mallorca nativeU,V,W,X, Menorca nativeU,V,W,Y); Belarus nativeO,Z; Belgium, with Luxembourg nativeC,AA (Belgium nativeAB, Luxembourg nativeAB,AC); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativeAD; Bulgaria nativeC,AD,AE,AF,AG; Canary islands nativeF (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully nativeQ,AH, Gomera native: doubtfully nativeQ,AH, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully nativeQ,AH, Hierro native: doubtfully nativeQ,AH,AI, La Palma native: doubtfully nativeQ,AH, Lanzarote native: doubtfully nativeQ,AH, Tenerife native: doubtfully nativeQ,AH); Corsica nativeC,AJ,AK,AL,AM,AN,AO; Crete, with Karpathos nativeC,AD,AP,AQ,AR; Crimea nativeC,O,Z,AS,AT,AU; Croatia nativeAD,AV,AW; Cyprus nativeAX,AY,AZ,BA,BB,BC,BD; Czech Republic nativeBE,BF,BG,BH,BI,BJ; Denmark nativeC,BK,BL; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAP,BM,BN, Turkish East Aegean islands nativeBO); Egypt nativeF,BP,BQ; Estonia nativeBR,BS; Finland nativeC,BT; Former Yugoslavia nativeC; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands nativeBU, France nativeC,U,AJ,BV,BW,BX,BY, Monaco nativeBZ); Georgia nativeI,O,CA,CB,CC; Germany nativeC,CD,CE,CF; Great Britain nativeC,CG; Greece nativeC,AD,AP,AR,BP,CH; Hungary nativeC,CI,CJ; Iceland casualCK; Ireland, with N Ireland nativeC,CG (Ireland nativeCL,CM, Northern Ireland nativeCL); Israel/Palestine nativeCN,CO,CP,CQ; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativeC,CR,CS,CT,CU,CV,CW,CX,CY; Jordan nativeCP,CQ,CZ,DA; Latvia nativeBS,DB; Lebanon nativeCP,DC,DD; Libya nativeF,DE,DF,DG; Lithuania nativeBS; Madeira archipelago nativeF (Desertas native: doubtfully nativeDH, Madeira island native: doubtfully nativeQ,DH, Porto Santo native: doubtfully nativeQ,DH); Moldova nativeO,Z,DI; Montenegro nativeAD; Morocco nativeF,DJ,DK,DL; Netherlands nativeC,DM,DN,DO; North Macedonia nativeAD,DP,DQ; Norway nativeC,BL; Poland nativeC; Portugal nativeC,T,DR,DS,DT; Romania nativeC,AD,DU,DV; Russia (C European Russia nativeO,Z, E European Russia nativeO,Z, Kaliningrad region nativeDW, N European Russia nativeO,Z,DX, NW European Russia nativeO,Z, North Caucasus nativeI,O,DY,DZ, S European Russia nativeO,Z); Salvage islands native: doubtfully nativeQ,DH; Sardinia nativeC,CR,CW,EA,EB; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeAD,EC; Sicily, with Malta nativeC (Malta nativeED,EE,EF, Sicily nativeCR,CU,CW,EB,EG); Sinai nativeBQ,CP,EH,EI; Slovakia nativeBF,BG,EJ; Slovenia nativeEK,EL,EM; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeC,EN (Andorra nativeT,EO,EP,EQ, Gibraltar nativeER, Spain nativeS,T,U,ES,ET,EU,EV); Sweden nativeC,BL,EW,EX; Switzerland nativeC,EY,EZ,FA; Syria nativeCQ,DC; Tunisia nativeF,FB,FC; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeBM,FD, Turkey-in-Europe nativeC,BM,FE); Ukraine nativeO,Z,AS,FF; Ukraine, with Crimea nativeDI

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): Rrëshyell perimeFG; Arabic (Lebanon): بَقْلَة يَهودِيَّةFH, تِفاف بَقْليFH, لِبَّيْـنFH; Arabic (Syria): بَقْلَة يَهودِيَّةFI, تِفاف بَقْليFI, لِبَّيْـنFI; Aragonese (Spain): cerrajasFJ, latazínFJ, lechacinesFJ, lechacinosFJ, lechazinoFJ, lechazínFJ, letachínFJ, letazinoFJ, letazínFJ, llatarinsFJ, llatasínFJ, llatazínFJ, llataímFJ, llatezínFJ, lletasinsFJ, lleteraFJ, lletezínFJ, zerrajaFJ; Armenian (Armenia): Կաթնբեկ բանջարանոցայինFK; Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese (Spain): cardeñaFJ, cardosFJ, cardos lecherosFJ, carduFJ, cenrayaFJ, tarrielluFJ, xarrayaFJ; Basque (Spain): astaurrazaFJ, astelunazaFL, gardugueraFJ, kardaberaFJ; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Градински кострецAE; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): alextóFJ, llacsóFL, llacsónsFJ, llatisóFL, llaxóFL, llecsóFJ, llepsonsFJ, llepsóFJ, lletissóFJ, lletsóFJ, lletsó d´aseFJ, lletsó oleraciFJ, lletsó/lletsonsFJ, llicsóFJ,FL, llitsóFJ,FL, pixallitsFJ; Corsican (Corse): Cardu mansuFM, CicerbitaFM, LattaghjonuFM, LattaroneFM; Danish (Denmark): Almindelig SvinemælkFN; English (Great Britain): Smooth Sow-thistleFO; Estonian (Estonia): Harilik piimohakasFP; Finnish (Finland): KaalivalvattiFN, kaalivalvattiFQ; French (Belgium): Laiteron maraîcherFR; French (Corse): Laiteron maraîcherFM; French (France): Laiteron lisseFS, Laiteron maraîcherFS, Laiteron potagerFS; French (Switzerland): Laiteron maraîcherFT; Galician (Spain): cardo molarFJ,FL, cerraxaFJ, ferroioFJ, leitarugaFJ, leitarugasFJ, sainchoFL, serralhaFJ, serralha-brancaFJ, serralha-maciaFJ, serrallaFJ; German (Germany): Kohl-GänsedistelFU; German (Switzerland): Gemeine GänsedistelFV; Hebrew (Israel): מְרוֹר הַגִּנּוֹתFW, מרור הגינותFW; High Aragonese (Spain): cerrajasFJ, lechazinesFJ, lechazinoFJ, llataimFJ, llatazínFJ; Italian (Italy): CicerbitaCW, CrespignoCW, Grespino comuneCW, LattaroloCW; Italian (Switzerland): Grespino comuneFX; Latvian (Latvia): Dārza mīkstpieneFP; Majorcan (Mallorca): llacsonsFL, llasóFL, llatsonsFL, llensóFJ, lletsonsFL, lletsóFJ; Norwegian (Norway): HaredylleFN; Polish (Poland): Mlecz warzywnyFY, Mlecz zwyczajnyFY; Portuguese (Portugal): cardo molarFJ, cerralhaFL, leitarugaFJ, leiterâoFL, sarralhaFL, serralhaFJ,FL, serralha brancaFJ,FL, serralha maciaFJ,FL, serralha-brancaFJ, serralha-bravaFJ, serralha-maciaFJ; Romanian (Moldova): Сусай де-грэдинэFZ; Russian (Armenia): Осот огородныйFK; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): achicoriasFJ, azapuercosFJ, borrajasFJ, camarojaFL, camorrojaFJ, cardencaFJ, cardeñaFJ, cardo lecheroFJ, cardo meleñoFJ, cardos lechinesFJ, cardunchaFJ, carrajónFJ, cerrajaFJ,FL, cerraja bastaFJ, cerraja bordeFJ, cerraja castellanaFJ, cerraja comúnFJ, cerraja del sueloFL, cerraja suaveFL, cerrajasFJ,FL, cerrajónFJ,FL, cerrajón bastoFJ, cerrajón de ensaláFJ, cerrajón imperialFJ, cerrajón paveroFJ, chicoriaFJ, chicorias dulcesFJ, cicerbitaFL, diente de leónFJ, forrajasFJ, forrajilloFL, lechacinoFJ, lechecillaFJ, lechecilloFJ,FL, lechecinoFJ, lechecinosFL, lecheraFJ, lecherasFJ, lecherosFJ, lechiternaFJ, lechocinoFJ, lechoncinoFJ, lechuga de corderosFL, lechuguillaFJ,FL, pendejoFJ, semayaFL, serradaFJ, serrajasFJ, sonco lisoFL, ternilloFJ; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): kålmolkeFQ; Swedish (Sweden): KålmjölktistelFN, KålmolkeGA, MjölktistelFN; Valencian (Spain): llaxonsFJ, lletsóFJ, lletsó fíFJ, llicsóFJ, llixó-fiFL, llixónsFJ

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