Centaurea scabiosa

Centaurea scabiosa

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Centaurea scabiosa L., Sp. Pl.: 913. 1753
  • Colymbada scabiosa (L.) Holub in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7: 316. 1972
  • =Centaurea coriacea Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 2296. 1803
  • Centaurea scabiosa subsp. coriacea (Willd.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 390. 1882
  • =Scabiosa variifolia Loisel., Not. Fl. France: 130. 1810
  • =Centaurea scabiosa var. vulgaris W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 412. 1837
  • Centaurea scabiosa subsp. vulgaris (W. D. J. Koch) Hayek in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 745. 1931

Distribution

Ab(A) Al Au(A L) BH Be(B L) Br Bu By Cg Cm Cs Ct Da Es Fe Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu It La Lt Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sk Sl Sr Su -Tu(A) Uk [pFa pHb(N) aIs] 

Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativenativeA; Austria, with Liechtenstein native (Austria native, Liechtenstein native); Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan native); Belarus native; Belgium, with Luxembourg native (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativenativeB; Bulgaria nativenativeC,D; Crimea nativenativeE; Croatia nativenativeF; Czech Republic nativenativeG,H; Denmark native; Estonia native; Faroe islands introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Finland nativenativeI; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands native, France nativenativeJ); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native; Germany nativenativeK; Great Britain native; Greece nativenativeE; Hungary native; Iceland casualL; Ireland, with N Ireland native (Ireland native, Northern Ireland introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation); Italy nativenativeM; Latvia native; Lithuania nativenativeN; Moldova native; Montenegro nativenativeO; Netherlands nativenativeP,Q,R; North Macedonia native; Norway nativenativeS; Poland native; Romania nativenativeT,U; Russia (C European Russia native, E European Russia native, Kaliningrad region native, N European Russia native, NW European Russia native, North Caucasus nativenativeE,V, S European Russia native); Serbia, with Kosovo native; Slovakia native; Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra native, Spain native); Sweden nativenativeW,X; Switzerland native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native: reported in errorY); Ukraine native; Ukraine, with Crimea native

Common Names

Albanian (Albania): Kokoçel barzgjebeZ; Aragonese (Spain): anipetaAA, orella de soméAA, yerba ojeraAA; Basque (Spain): altuzkérAA, astuzkerraAA, atuzkérAA, aztuzkérAA, gardulatzAA, puzkérAA; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Самогризкова метличинаC; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): arrencapetsAA, botjaAA, botons de frareAA, botons de gavatxAA, camferradaAA, capferradaAA, capferrada purpúriaAA, capçudaAA, gratabousAA, llapadenaAA, ratabousAA; Czech (Czech Republic): Chrpa čekánekAB, Čekánek obecnýAB; Danish (Denmark): Stor KnopurtAC; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): Grote centaurieQ; English (Great Britain): Greater KnapweedAD; Estonian (Estonia): PõldjumikasAE; Finnish (Finland): KetokaunokkiAC, ketokaunokkiAF; French (Belgium): Centaurée scabieuseAG; French (France): Centaurée ScabieuseAH; French (Switzerland): Centaurée scabieuseAI; German (Germany): Skabiosen-FlockenblumeAJ; German (Switzerland): Skabiosen-FlockenblumeAK; High Aragonese (Spain): anipetaAA, cabeza de gurriónAA, orella de soméAA, yerba ojeraAA; Italian (Italy): Fiordaliso vedovinoAL; Italian (Switzerland): Fiordaliso vedovinoAM; Latvian (Latvia): Lielā dzelzeneAE; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Didžiagalvė bajorėAE; Norwegian (Norway): FagerknoppurtAC; Polish (Poland): Chaber driakiewnikAN; Romanian (Moldova): Албестрицэ скабиозэAO; Russian (Russia): Василек шероховатыйAP; Slovak (Slovakia): Nevädzník hlaváčovitýAQ; Slovenian (Slovenia): Poljski glavinecAR; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): anaperaAA, arnazaAA, asnazaAA, cabezuelaAA, cardo garrapataAA, centaura mayorAA, centaurea mayorAA, centáurea mayorAA, hierba pedorreraAA, naperaAA, pedo-de-burroAA; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): väddklintAF; Swedish (Sweden): JärnörtAC, VäddklintAS; Ukrainian (Ukraine): Волошка скабiозовиднаAT; Valencian (Spain): botons de frareAA, capferradaAA, gratabousAA

Bibliography

A. Barina, Z. 2017: Distribution atlas of vascular plants in Albania
B. Beck von Mannagetta, G. 1983: Flora Bosnae et Hercegovinae [Flora Bosne, Hercegovine i novipazarskog sandžaka] 4(4) [Slišković, T.]
C. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija
D. As’ov, B., Petrova, A., Dimitrov, D. & Vasilev, R. 2002: Konspekt na visšata flora na Bălgarija, ed. 2
E. Boissier, E. 1875: Flora orientalis 3
F. Nikolić, T. 2020: Flora Croatica. Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske 2
G. Kubát, K. 2002: Klíč ke květeně České republiky
H. Slavík, B. & Štěpánková, J. 2004: Květena České Republiky 7 (as Colymbada scabiosa (L.) Holub)
I. Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & Uotila, P. 1998: Retkeilykasvio, ed. 4
J. Coste, H. 1902–1903: Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France 2
K. Rothmaler, W. 2000: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 3. Gefäßpflanzen: Atlasband, ed. 10
L. Wasowicz, P., Przedpelska-Wasowicz, E. M. & Kristinsson, H. 2013: Alien vascular plants in Iceland: Diversity, spatial patterns, temporal trends, and the impact of climate change. – Flora 208: 648-673
M. Fiori, A. 1925–1929: Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2
N. Gudžinskas, Z. 2022: A review of the subtribe Centaureinae (Asteraceae, Cardueae) in Lithuania with information on new alien species. – Botanica 28: 15-26
O. Rohlena, J. 1942: Conspectus florae montenegrinae. – Preslia. Věstník (Časopis) československé botanické společnosti 20-21: 1-506
P. Duistermaat, H., Sparrius, L. B. & Denters, T. 2021: Standaardlijst van de Nederlandse flora 2020. – Gorteria; mededelingenblad ten dienste van de floristiek en het vegetatie-onderzoek van Nederland 43: 109-156
Q. Meijden, R. van der 1990: Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21
R. Meijden, R. van der 2005: Heukels' flora van Nederland, ed. 23
S. Lid, D. T. 1994: Norsk Flora, ed. 6
T. Ciocârlan, V. 1990: Flora ilustrata a României 2
U. Popescu, A. & Sanda, V. 1998: Conspectul florei cormofitelor spontane din România. – Acta Bot. Horti Bucurest., Suppl.
V. Grossgejm, A. A. 1934: Flora kavkaza 4
W. Karlsson, T. 1998: Förteckning över svenska kärlväxter. – Svensk botanisk tidskrift utgifven af svenska botaniska föreningen 91(5): 241-560
X. Krok, T. O. B. N. & Almquist, S. 1994: Svensk Flora: Fanerogamer och ormbunksvaxter 27, ed. 27
Y. Davis, P. H. 1975: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5
Z. Vangjeli, J. (ed.) 2000: Flore de l'Albanie 4
AA. Anonymous 2010: Anthos. Information System of the plants of Spain. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC - Fundación Biodiversidad – http://www.anthos.es/
AB. Jindřich Chrtek: Seznam vyšších rostlin květeny České republiky – http://www.ibot.cas.cz/nastenka/index.php
AC. Den virtuella floran – http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/welcome.html
AD. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H. 1986: English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2
AE. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R. 2003: Flora baltijskich respublik. Flora of the Baltic countries. 3
AF. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo.
AG. Mauhin, F. 2007: Les noms français des plantes vasculaires de Belgique et des Régions voisines – http://www.lessources-cnb.be
AH. 2006: Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone – http://www.tela-botanica.org/
AI. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS)
AJ. Rothmaler, W. 2005: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10
AK. 1996: Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angenzenden Gebiete
AL. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3
AM. 1996: Indice sinonimico della Flora della Svizzera e territori limitrofi
AN. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. 2002: Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. – Biodiversity Poland 1
AO. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3
AP. Fedorov, A. A. 1994: Flora Partis europaeae URSS 7
AQ. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F. 1998: Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska (as Colymbada scabiosa (L.) Holub)
AR. Trpin, D. & Vreš, B. 1995: Register flore Slovenije. Praprotnice in cvetnice
AS. Karlsson & Thomas: Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter – http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/chk/chk3.htm
AT. 1999: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy