Centaurea scabiosa

Centaurea scabiosa

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Centaurea scabiosa L., Sp. Pl.: 913. 1753
  • Colymbada scabiosa (L.) Holub in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7: 316. 1972
  • =Centaurea coriacea Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 2296. 1803
  • Centaurea scabiosa subsp. coriacea (Willd.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 390. 1882
  • =Scabiosa variifolia Loisel., Not. Fl. France: 130. 1810
  • =Centaurea scabiosa var. vulgaris W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 412. 1837
  • Centaurea scabiosa subsp. vulgaris (W. D. J. Koch) Hayek in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 745. 1931

Distribution

Ab(A) Al Au(A L) BH Be(B L) Br Bu By Cg Cm Cs Ct Da Es Fe Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu It La Lt Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sk Sl Sr Su -Tu(A) Uk [pFa pHb(N) aIs] 

Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativenativeA; Austria, with Liechtenstein native (Austria native, Liechtenstein native); Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan native); Belarus native; Belgium, with Luxembourg native (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativenativeB; Bulgaria nativenativeC,D; Crimea nativenativeE; Croatia nativenativeF; Czech Republic nativenativeG,H; Denmark native; Estonia native; Faroe islands introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Finland nativenativeI; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands native, France nativenativeJ); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native; Germany nativenativeK; Great Britain native; Greece nativenativeE; Hungary native; Iceland casualL; Ireland, with N Ireland native (Ireland native, Northern Ireland introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation); Italy nativenativeM; Latvia native; Lithuania native; Moldova native; Montenegro nativenativeN; Netherlands nativenativeO,P,Q; North Macedonia native; Norway nativenativeR; Poland native; Romania nativenativeS,T; Russia (C European Russia native, E European Russia native, Kaliningrad region native, N European Russia native, NW European Russia native, North Caucasus nativenativeE,U, S European Russia native); Serbia, with Kosovo native; Slovakia native; Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra native, Spain native); Sweden nativenativeV,W; Switzerland native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native: reported in errorX); Ukraine native; Ukraine, with Crimea native

Common Names

Albanian (Albania): Kokoçel barzgjebeY; Aragonese (Spain): anipetaZ, orella de soméZ, yerba ojeraZ; Basque (Spain): altuzkérZ, astuzkerraZ, atuzkérZ, aztuzkérZ, gardulatzZ, puzkérZ; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Самогризкова метличинаC; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): arrencapetsZ, botjaZ, botons de frareZ, botons de gavatxZ, camferradaZ, capferradaZ, capferrada purpúriaZ, capçudaZ, gratabousZ, llapadenaZ, ratabousZ; Czech (Czech Republic): Chrpa čekánekAA, Čekánek obecnýAA; Danish (Denmark): Stor KnopurtAB; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): Grote centaurieP; English (Great Britain): Greater KnapweedAC; Estonian (Estonia): PõldjumikasAD; Finnish (Finland): KetokaunokkiAB; French (Belgium): Centaurée scabieuseAE; French (France): Centaurée ScabieuseAF; French (Switzerland): Centaurée scabieuseAG; German (Germany): Skabiosen-FlockenblumeAH; German (Switzerland): Skabiosen-FlockenblumeAI; High Aragonese (Spain): anipetaZ, cabeza de gurriónZ, orella de soméZ, yerba ojeraZ; Italian (Italy): Fiordaliso vedovinoAJ; Italian (Switzerland): Fiordaliso vedovinoAK; Latvian (Latvia): Lielā dzelzeneAD; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Didžiagalvė bajorėAD; Norwegian (Norway): FagerknoppurtAB; Polish (Poland): Chaber driakiewnikAL; Romanian (Moldova): Албестрицэ скабиозэAM; Russian (Russia): Василек шероховатыйAN; Slovak (Slovakia): Nevädzník hlaváčovitýAO; Slovenian (Slovenia): Poljski glavinecAP; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): anaperaZ, arnazaZ, asnazaZ, cabezuelaZ, cardo garrapataZ, centaura mayorZ, centaurea mayorZ, centáurea mayorZ, hierba pedorreraZ, naperaZ, pedo-de-burroZ; Swedish (Sweden): JärnörtAB, VäddklintAQ; Ukrainian (Ukraine): Волошка скабiозовиднаAR; Valencian (Spain): botons de frareZ, capferradaZ, gratabousZ

Bibliography

A. Barina, Z., Distribution atlas of vascular plants in Albania. 2017
B. Beck von Mannagetta, G., Flora Bosnae et Hercegovinae [Flora Bosne, Hercegovine i novipazarskog sandžaka] 4(4) [Slišković, T.]. 1983
C. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A., Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. 1992
D. As’ov, B., Petrova, A., Dimitrov, D. & al., Konspekt na visšata flora na Bălgarija, ed. 2. 2002
E. Boissier, E., Flora orientalis 3. 1875
F. Nikolić, T. 2020: Flora Croatica. Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske 2
G. Kubát, K., Klíč ke květeně České republiky. 2002
H. Slavík, B. & Štěpánková, J., Květena České Republiky 7. 2004 (as Colymbada scabiosa (L.) Holub)
I. Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & al., Retkeilykasvio, ed. 4. 1998
J. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France 2. 1902–1903
K. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 3. Gefäßpflanzen: Atlasband, ed. 10. 2000
L. Wasowicz, P., Przedpelska-Wasowicz, E. M. & Kristinsson, H., Alien vascular plants in Iceland: Diversity, spatial patterns, temporal trends, and the impact of climate change in Flora 208: 648-673. 2013
M. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925–1929
N. Rohlena, J., Conspectus florae montenegrinae in Preslia. Věstník (Časopis) československé botanické společnosti 20-21: 1-506. 1942
O. Duistermaat, H., Sparrius, L. B. & Denters, T. 2021: Standaardlijst van de Nederlandse flora 2020. – Gorteria; mededelingenblad ten dienste van de floristiek en het vegetatie-onderzoek van Nederland 43: 109-156
P. Meijden, R. van der, Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. 1990
Q. Meijden, R. van der, Heukels' flora van Nederland, ed. 23. 2005
R. Lid, D. T., Norsk Flora, ed. 6. 1994
S. Ciocârlan, V., Flora ilustrata a României 2. 1990
T. Popescu, A. & Sanda, V., Conspectul florei cormofitelor spontane din România in Acta Bot. Horti Bucurest., Suppl. 1998
U. Grossgejm, A. A., Flora kavkaza 4. 1934
V. Karlsson, T. 1998: Förteckning över svenska kärlväxter. – Svensk botanisk tidskrift utgifven af svenska botaniska föreningen 91(5): 241-560
W. Krok, T. O. B. N. & Almquist, S., Svensk Flora: Fanerogamer och ormbunksvaxter 27, ed. 27. 1994
X. Davis, P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975
Y. Vangjeli, J. (ed.), Flore de l'Albanie 4. 2000
Z. Anonymous, Anthos. Information System of the plants of Spain. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC - Fundación Biodiversidad. 2010
AA. Jindřich Chrtek, Seznam vyšších rostlin květeny České republiky
AB. Den virtuella floran
AC. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H., English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2. 1986
AD. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R., Flora baltijskich respublik. Flora of the Baltic countries. 3. 2003
AE. Mauhin, F., Les noms français des plantes vasculaires de Belgique et des Régions voisines. 2007
AF. Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone. 2006
AG. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C., Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS). 1996
AH. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. 2005
AI. Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angenzenden Gebiete. 1996
AJ. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
AK. Indice sinonimico della Flora della Svizzera e territori limitrofi. 1996
AL. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & al., Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. in Biodiversity Poland 1. 2002
AM. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986
AN. Fedorov, A. A., Flora Partis europaeae URSS 7. 1994
AO. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F., Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. 1998 (as Colymbada scabiosa (L.) Holub)
AP. Trpin, D. & Vreš, B., Register flore Slovenije. Praprotnice in cvetnice. 1995
AQ. Karlsson & Thomas, Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter
AR. Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. 1999