Cephalanthera longifolia

Cephalanthera longifolia

Synonymy

Source: 2010: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2010), copyright © The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Cephalanthera longifolia (L.) Fritsch in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 38: 81. 1888
  • Serapias helleborine var. longifolia L., Sp. Pl.: 950. 1753
  • Serapias longifolia (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 2: 202. 1772, nom. illeg.
  • Limodorum longifolium (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671. 1891, nom. illeg.
  • Serapias grandiflora L., Syst. Nat., ed. 12, 2: 594. 1767, nom. illeg.
  • Serapias xiphophyllum Ehrh. ex L. f., Suppl. Pl.: 404. 1782 ["1781"]
  • Cymbidium xiphophyllum (Ehrh. ex L. f.) Sw. in J. Bot. (Schrader) 2: 226. 1799
  • Epipactis xiphophylla (Ehrh. ex L. f.) Sw. in Neues J. Bot. 1: 65. 1805
  • Serapias lonchophyllum L. f., Suppl. Pl.: 405. 1782, nom. illeg.
  • Serapias ensifolia Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 815. 1784, nom. illeg.
  • Serapias nivea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 52. 1787, nom. illeg.
  • Epipactis ensifolia F. W. Schmidt, Samml. Phys.-Ökon. Aufs. 1: 251. 1795
  • Epipactis grandiflora Sm., Engl. Bot.: 271. 1795
  • Epipactis pallens Sw. in Neues J. Bot. 1: 65. 1805, nom. illeg.
  • Serapias pallida Wahlenb., Fl. Carpat. Princ.: 291. 1814
  • Cephalanthera pallens Rich., De Orchid. Eur.: 38. 1817
  • Cephalanthera ensifolia Rich., De Orchid. Eur.: 38. 1817, nom. illeg.
  • Cephalanthera grandiflora Gray in Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 210. 1821, nom. illeg.
  • Limodorum grandiflorum Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671. 1891, nom. illeg.
  • Cephalanthera longifolia f. angustifolia Maire & Weiller in Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 6: 359. 1959, nom. illeg.
  • Cephalanthera lonchophylla Rchb. f. in Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: t. 119. 1851, nom. illeg.
  • Cephalanthera xiphophyllum Rchb. f. in Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 135. 1851, nom. illeg.
  • =Epipactis grandifolia All., Fl. Pedem. 2: 152. 1785
  • =Epipactis pallida Sw. in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 232. 1800
  • =Cephalanthera acuminata Wall. ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 412. 1840
  • Limodorum acuminatum (Wall. ex Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671. 1891
  • =Cephalanthera thomsonii Rchb. f. in Linnaea 41: 54. 1876
  • =Cephalanthera longifolia var. gibbosa Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 85. 1882
  • Epipactis longifolia var. gibbosa (Boiss.) W. Zimm., Form. Orch. Deut.: 81. 1912
  • =Cephalanthera angustifolia Simonk., Enum. Fl. Transsilv.: 505. 1887
  • =Epipactis longifolia var. longibracteata Harz in Schlechtendal, Fl. Deutschl., 5 [re-issue], 4: 330. 1896
  • Cephalanthera longifolia f. longibracteata (Harz) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 877. 1907
  • =Epipactis longifolia var. pilosa Harz in Schlechtendal, Fl. Deutschl., 5 [re-issue], 4: 330. 1896
  • Cephalanthera longifolia f. pilosa (Harz) Soó in Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 114. 1928
  • =Cephalanthera longifolia f. pumila Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 876. 1907
  • =Cephalanthera xiphophyllum var. latifolia Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 5: 239. 1914
  • Cephalanthera longifolia f. latifolia (Maire) Maire & Weiller in Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 6: 359. 1959
  • Cephalanthera longifolia var. latifolia (Maire) D. Rivera & Lopez Velez, Orquíd. Prov. Albacete: 55. 1987
  • =Cephalanthera mairei Schltr. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4: 58. 1919
  • =Cephalanthera ensifolia var. cesari-gonzalezii Rivas Goday & Bellot in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 6: 191. 1948
  • =Cephalanthera longifolia var. rosea Perko in Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 19: 9. 2002
  • =Cephalanthera longifolia subsp. conferta B. Baumann & H. Baumann in J. Eur. Orch. 37: 249. 2005
  • Cephalanthera conferta (B. Baumann & H. Baumann) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 104. 2005
  • =Cephalanthera maravignae Tineo in Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 877. 1844
  • Cephalanthera ensifolia var. maravignae (Tineo) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 687. 1882

Distribution

AE(G) Ag Al Au Be Bl Br Bt Bu By Cm Co Cy Cz Da Fe Ga Ge Gr Hb He †Ho Hs Hu IJ It Ju LS Lu Ma No Po Rf(C CS E S) Rm Sa Si Su Tcs Tn Tu(A E) Uk 

Euro+Med: Albania nativeA; Algeria nativeA; Austria, with Liechtenstein nativeA; Baleares nativeA; Baltic states, with Kaliningrad region nativeA; Belarus nativeA; Belgium, with Luxembourg nativeA; Bulgaria nativeA; Corsica nativeA; Crimea nativeA; Cyprus nativeA; Denmark nativeA; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeA); Finland nativeA; Former Czechoslovakia nativeA; Former Yugoslavia nativeA; France, with Channel is. and Monaco nativeA; Germany nativeA; Great Britain nativeA; Greece nativeA; Hungary nativeA; Ireland, with N Ireland nativeA; Israel/Palestine-Jordan nativeA; Italy nativeA; Lebanon-Syria nativeA; Morocco nativeA; Netherlands native: formerly nativeA; Norway nativeA; Poland nativeA; Portugal nativeA; Romania nativeA; Russia (C European Russia nativeA, E European Russia nativeA, North Caucasus nativeA, S European Russia nativeA); Sardinia nativeA; Sicily, with Malta nativeA; South Caucasus nativeA; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeA; Sweden nativeA; Switzerland nativeA; Tunisia nativeA; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeA, Turkey-in-Europe nativeA); Ukraine nativeA

Common Names

Catalan; Valencian (Spain): curraià de flor blancaB; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): orquídeaB

Bibliography

A. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
B. Anonymous 2010: Anthos. Information System of the plants of Spain. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC - Fundación Biodiversidad – http://www.anthos.es/