Taraxacum sect. Scariosa

Taraxacum sect. Scariosa

Synonymy

Source: Kirschner, J., Štepánek, J. & Greuter, W. (2007+): Taraxacum. – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Taraxacum sect. Scariosa Hand.-Mazz., Monogr. Taraxacum: xi. 1907
    • =Leontodon megalorhizos Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 216. 1775
    • Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz., Monogr. Taraxacum: 35. 1907
    • =Leontodon daedaleus Sieber in Flora 5: 243. 1822
    • =Leontodon gymnanthus Link in Linnaea 9: 582. 1835
    • Taraxacum gymnanthum (Link) DC., Prodr. 7: 145. 1838
    • Taraxacum officinale subsp. gymnanthum (Link) Cout., Cout., Fl. Portugal 1953. . 1913.: 673
    • Taraxacum bithynicum aggr., nom. inval.
    • Taraxacum megalorhizon aggr., nom. inval.
    • "Taraxacum autumnale" sensu Zangheri 19761
    • "Taraxacum bithynicum" sensu Guinochet & Vilmorin 19822; sensu Demiri 19833; sensu Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica]4
    • "Taraxacum corniculatum" sensu Rechinger 19445
    • "Taraxacum dens-leonis" sensu Rechinger 19445
    • 1. Zangheri, P. 1976: Flora italica 1 (Testo). – Padova, 2. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de 1982: Flore de France 4. – Paris, 3. Demiri, M. 1983: Flora ekskursioniste e shqipërisë. – Tiranë: Shtëpia Botuese e Librit Shkollor, 4. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica]: Tela Botanica. Flore électronique. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine – http://www.tela-botanica.org/page:eflore, 5. Rechinger, K. H. 1944: Flora aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres. – Denkschriften, Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 105(1)

    Distribution

    AE(G T) Ab(A) Ag Al Bl(N) Bu Cm Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gr Hs(S) Ir It Jo Le Lu Ma Mk Mo Rf(CS S) Sa Si(M S) Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk 

    Euro+Med endemic: Albania nativenativeA,B,C,D,E,F; Algeria native; Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan (core) native); Baleares (Menorca native); Bulgaria nativenativeC,D,G,H,I,J; Corsica nativeC,D,K,L,M,N,O; Crete, with Karpathos nativenativeC,D,I,P,Q,R,S; Crimea nativenativeC,T; Croatia nativeI,U,V; Cyprus native; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativenativeP,R, Turkish East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Former Yugoslavia nativeC,D; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France nativenativeC,D,K,M,W,X,Y,Z,AA,AB,AC); Greece nativenativeC,D,I,P,Q,R,T,AD,AE; Israel/Palestine nativenativeAF; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativenativeC,D,L,N,O,AG; Jordan nativenativeAF,AH; Lebanon nativenativeT,AF,AI,AJ; Moldova native; Morocco native; North Macedonia nativeI,AK; Portugal nativenativeC,D,AL; Russia (North Caucasus native, S European Russia native); Sardinia nativenativeC,D,L,N,O,AG; Serbia, with Kosovo native; Sicily, with Malta nativenativeC (Malta native, Sicily nativenativeL,N,O,AG); Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativenativeC,D (Spain nativenativeX,AM,AN); Syria nativenativeAF,AI; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativenativeR,AF, Turkey-in-Europe nativenativeC,D,T); Ukraine native; Ukraine, with Crimea native

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): Luleshurdhe rrënjëmadheAO; Arabic (Lebanon): طَرَخْشَقون كَبير الجَذْرAP; Arabic (Syria): طَرَخْشَقون كَبير الجَذْرAP; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Едрокоренищно глухарчеG; French (France): PissenlitAQ; Italian (Italy): Tarassaco a radice grossaAR

    Bibliography

    A. Barina, Z. 2017: Distribution atlas of vascular plants in Albania. – Budapest: Hungarian Natural History Museum
    B. Demiri, M. 1983: Flora ekskursioniste e shqipërisë. – Tiranë: Shtëpia Botuese e Librit Shkollor (as Taraxacum bithynicum)
    C. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Taraxacum bithynicum aggr.)
    D. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    E. Vangjeli, J. 1999: Flora e Shqipërisë 4. – Tiranë (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    F. Vangjeli, J. 2003: Udhëheqës fushor i florës së Shqipërisë. – Tiranë (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    G. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    H. As’ov, B., Petrova, A., Dimitrov, D. & Vasilev, R. 2002: Konspekt na visšata flora na Bălgarija, ed. 2. – Sofija (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    I. Hayek, A. von 1928–1931: Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2. – Repertorium specierum novarum regni vegetabilis. Beihefte 30(2) (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    J. Stojanov, N. & Stefanov, B. 1967: Flora na Bălgarija, 4 [Stojanov, N., Stefanov, B. & Kitanov, B.], 2. – Sofija (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    K. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica]: Tela Botanica. Flore électronique. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine – http://www.tela-botanica.org/page:eflore (as Taraxacum bithynicum)
    L. Fiori, A. 1925–1929: Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. – Firenze (as Taraxacum officinale var. megalorhizon)
    M. Kerguélen, M. 1993: Index synonymique de la flore de France. – Paris (as Taraxacum bithynicum aggr.)
    N. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3. – Bologna (as Taraxacum megalorhizon aggr.)
    O. Zangheri, P. 1976: Flora italica 1 (Testo). – Padova (as Taraxacum autumnale Castagne)
    P. Dimopoulos, P., Raus, Th., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatroú, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A. & Tzanoudakis, D. 2013: Vascular Plants of Greece. An annotated checklist. – Englera 31
    Q. Halácsy, E. von 1908: Supplementum conspectus florae graecae. – Leipzig (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    R. Rechinger, K. H. 1944: Flora aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres. – Denkschriften, Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 105(1) (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    S. Rechinger, K. H. 1949: Florae aegaeae supplementum. – Phyton (Horn) 1: 194-228 (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    T. Boissier, P. E. 1875: Flora orientalis 3. – Genève, Basel & Lyon (as Taraxacum gymnanthum (Link) DC.)
    U. Nikolić, T. 2000: Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 3. – Natura Croatica 9, Suppl. 1 (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    V. Nikolić, T. 2020: Flora Croatica. Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske 2. – Zagreb
    W. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica]: Tela Botanica. Flore électronique. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine – http://www.tela-botanica.org/page:eflore (as Taraxacum gymnanthum (Link) DC.)
    X. Bolòs, O. de & Vigo Bonada, J. 1995: Flora dels països catalans 3. – Barcelona (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    Y. Coste, H. 1902–1903: Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France 2. – Paris (as Taraxacum gymnanthum (Link) DC.)
    Z. Fournier, P. 1934–1940: Les quatre flores de la France, Corse comprise. – Paris (as Taraxacum gymnanthum (Link) DC.)
    AA. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de 1982: Flore de France 4. – Paris (as Taraxacum bithynicum)
    AB. Kerguélen, M. 1993: Index synonymique de la flore de France. – Paris (as Taraxacum gymnanthum (Link) DC.)
    AC. Kerguélen, M. 1993: Index synonymique de la flore de France. – Paris (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AD. Halácsy, E. von 1902: Conspectus florae graecae 2. – Lepizig (as Taraxacum gymnanthum (Link) DC.)
    AE. Halácsy, E. von 1908: Supplementum conspectus florae graecae. – Leipzig (as Taraxacum megalorhizon var. gymnanthum)
    AF. Post, G. E. 1933: Flora of Syria, Palestine, and Sinai, 2 [Dinsmore, J. E.], 2. – Beirut (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AG. Conti, F., Abbate, G., Alessandrini, A. & Blasi, C. 2005: An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora. – Roma: Fratelli Palombi (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AH. Al-Eisawi, D. M. 1982: List of Jordan vascular plants. – Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 18: 79-182 (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AI. Mouterde, P. 1978–1984: Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie 3, Texte. – Beirut (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AJ. Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. 2007: Illustrated flora of Lebanon. – Beirut (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AK. Bornmüller, J. 1926: Beiträge zur Flora Mazedoniens. Sammlungen in den Kriegsjahren 1916-1918. II. – Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie. Beiblätter 136 (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AL. Coutinho, A. X. P. 1939: A flora de Portugal, ed. 2. – Lisboa (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. gymnanthum (Link) Cout.)
    AM. Bolòs, O. de, Vigo Bonada, J., Masalles, R. M. & Ninot, J. M. 1990: Flora manual dels països catalans. – Barcelona (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AN. Cadevall i Diars, J. & Sallent, A. 1923: Flora de Catalunya 3(3-6). – Barcelona (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AO. Vangjeli, J. (ed.) 2000: Flore de l'Albanie 4 (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AP. Nehmé, M. 2008: Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AQ. 2006: Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone – http://www.tela-botanica.org/ (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)
    AR. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3. – Bologna (as Taraxacum megalorhizon (Forssk.) Hand.-Mazz.)