Source: Henning, T. & Raab-Straube, E. von (2016+): Rhamnaceae. – In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Paliurus, Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4. 1754
Euro+Med: Albania native; Algeria native; Armenia native; Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan native, Nakhchivan native); Baleares introduced (Mallorca introduced); Bosnia-Herzegovina native; Bulgaria native; Corsica introduced; Crimea native; Croatia native; Cyprus native: presence questionable; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands native); Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France native); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native (Abkhazia native, Adjara native, Georgia native); Greece native; Hungary introduced; Israel/Palestine native; Israel/Palestine-Jordan native; Italy native; Lebanon casual; Lebanon-Syria native; Libya casual; Moldova native; Montenegro native; North Macedonia native; Romania native; Serbia, with Kosovo native; Sicily, with Malta (Malta native, Sicily native); Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Spain native); Switzerland introduced; Syria casual; Tunisia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine, with Crimea native