Polystichum lonchitis

Polystichum lonchitis

Synonymy

Source: Christenhusz, M. & Raab-Straube, E. von (2013+): Polypodiopsida. – In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 3: 71. 1799
  • Polypodium lonchitis L., Sp. Pl.: 1088. 1753
  • Aspidium lonchitis (L.) Sw. in J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800(2): 30. 1801
  • Dryopteris lonchitis (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 813. 1891

Distribution

Ab(A N) Al Ar Au(A L) BH Be(B L) Br Bu Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Es Fa Fe Ga(F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Is It La Ma Mk No Po Rf(CS N) Rm -Sa Se -Si(S) Sk Sl Su Tu(A) Uk [Da] 

Euro+Med not endemicA,B: Albania nativeC,D,E,F,G,H; Armenia nativeI,J,K,L; Austria, with Liechtenstein nativeD,G (Austria nativeM, Liechtenstein nativeN); Azerbaijan nativeO (Azerbaijan (core) nativeJ,K,P, Nakhchivan nativeK); Belgium, with Luxembourg nativeD,G (Belgium nativeQ, Luxembourg nativeR); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativeF; Bulgaria nativeD,E,F,G,S; Corsica nativeA,D,E,G,T; Crete, with Karpathos nativeD,E,F,G,U; Crimea nativeD,E,G,V; Croatia nativeF,W,X; Czech Republic nativeY; Denmark introducedZ; Estonia nativeAA,AB; Faroe islands nativeB,D,G; Finland nativeB,D,G,AC; Former Yugoslavia nativeD,E,G; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France nativeD,E,G); Georgia nativeJ,K,O,AD,AE,AF; Germany nativeD,G,AG,AH,AI,AJ; Great Britain nativeD,G; Greece nativeD,E,F,G,U; Hungary nativeD,G,AK; Iceland nativeB,D,G,AL; Ireland, with N Ireland nativeD,G (Ireland nativeAM, Northern Ireland nativeAM); Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativeD,E,G,AN,AO; Latvia nativeAB; Montenegro nativeF,AP; Morocco nativeE,AQ,AR,AS; Netherlands nativeAT; North Macedonia nativeF,AU; Norway nativeB,D,G,AV; Poland nativeD,G,AW; Romania nativeD,G,AX; Russia (N European Russia nativeV, North Caucasus nativeJ,K,O); Sardinia native: reported in errorAO,AY; Serbia nativeAZ; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeF,AZ,BA; Sicily, with Malta (Sicily native: reported in errorE,AO); Slovakia nativeBB; Slovenia nativeBC; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeD,E,G,BD (Andorra nativeBE,BF,BG, Spain nativeBG); Sweden nativeB,D,G,BH,BI; Switzerland nativeD,G,BJ,BK; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeE); Ukraine nativeV; Ukraine, with Crimea nativeBL,BM

Common Names

Albanian (Albania): Polistiku heshtakBN; Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): Охвари ҹəркəвəрBO; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Копиевиден многоредникBP; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): polístic pirinencBQ, polístic setíferBQ; Croatian (Croatia): kopljasta papratnjačaBR; Czech (Czech Republic): kapradina hrálovitáBS; Danish (Denmark): Krumfinnet skjoldbregneBT; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): LansvarenBU; English (Great Britain): Holly FernBV; English (Ireland): Holly fernBW; Estonian (Estonia): Odajas astelsõnajalgBX; Finnish (Finland): suippohärkyläBT,BY; French (Corse): Polystic en lanceBZ; French (France): Polystic en fer de lanceCA, Polystic en lanceCA; French (Switzerland): Polystic en lanceCB; Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic (Ireland): Ibheag dheilgneachBW; German (Austria): Lanzen-SchildfarnCC, LanzenfarnCC, SichelfarnCC; German (Germany): Lanzen-SchildfarnCD; German (Switzerland): LanzenfarnCE; Hungarian (Hungary): Dárdás vesepáfrányCF; Icelandic (Iceland): skjaldburkniBT; Italian (Italy): Felce lonchiteCG; Italian (Switzerland): Felce lonchiteCH; Latvian (Latvia): šķēplapu cietpapardeBX; Norwegian (Norway): taggbregneBT; Polish (Poland): Paprotnik ostryCI; Romanian (Romania): ŞarpeCJ; Russian (Azerbaijan): многорядник копьевидныйBO; Russian (Russia): многорядник копьевидныйBX,CK; Russian (Ukraine): многорядник копьевидныйCL; Serbian (Serbia & Montenegro): Планинска папратњачаCM; Slovak (Slovakia): papraďovec kopijovitýCN; Slovenian (Slovenia): kopjasta podlesnicaCO; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): taggbräkenBY; Swedish (Sweden): taggbräkenBT; Ukrainian (Ukraine): багаторядник списовиднийCL

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BN. Demiri, M. 1981: Flora Ekskursioniste E Shqiperise (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BO. Karjagin, I. I. 1950: Flora Azerbajdžana 1. – Baku: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk Azerbajdžanskoj SSR (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BP. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BQ. anonymous 2010: Anthos. Information System of the plants of Spain. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC - Fundación Biodiversidad – http://www.anthos.es/ (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BR. Nikolić, T. 2000: Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 1. – Natura Croatica 3, Suppl. 1 (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BS. Klic na kvetene Ceske republiky (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BT. Jonsell, B. 2000: Flora Nordica 1. – Stockholm (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BU. Meijden, R. van der 1990: Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. – Groningen (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BV. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H. 1986: English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2 (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BW. Scannell, M. J. P. & Synnott, D. M. 1987: Census catalogue of the flora of Ireland, ed. 2. – Dublin (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BX. Laasimer, L., Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Lekavičius, A. (ed.) 1993: Flora of the Baltic countries. Flora Baltijskich Respublik 1. – Tartu: Estonian Academy of Sciences (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BY. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
BZ. Gamisans, J. 2007: Flora Corsica (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CA. 2006: Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone – http://www.tela-botanica.org/ (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CB. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS). – Genève (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CC. Fischer, M. A., Oswald, K. & Adler, W. 2008: Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol, ed. 3. – Linz (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CD. Rothmaler, W. (ed. Jäger, E. J.) 2011: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Grundband, ed. 20. – Heidelberg: Spektrum (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CE. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angenzenden Gebiete (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CF. Simon, T. 1992: A magyarországi edényes flóra határozója. Harasztok - virágos növények. – Budapest (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CG. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 1 (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CH. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Indice sinonimico della Flora della Svizzera e territori limitrofi (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CI. Mirek, Z. 1995: Vascular plants of Poland. A Checklist. (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CJ. Ciocârlan, V. 2009: Flora Ilustrată a României: Pteridophyta et Spermatophyta. – Bucureşti (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CK. Fedorov, A. A. 1974: Flora Evropeiskoi Casti SSSR 1. – Leningrad (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CL. Prokudin, J. N. 1999: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CM. Josifović, M. 1970: Flora SR Srbije 1. – Beograd (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CN. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F. 1998: Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. – Bratislava (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)
CO. Martinčič, A. 1999: Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. – Ljubljana (as Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth)