Cynara

Cynara

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Cynara L., Sp. Pl.: 827. 1753
    • =Bourgaea Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 39. 1849
    • =Arcyna Wiklund in Willdenowia 33: 63. 2003

    Distribution

    AE(G) Ag Bl(I M) dCa(C F G L P T) Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gr Hs(A G S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma dMd(D M P) Sa Si(M S) Sy Tn Tu(A) [cAb(A) Al cAu cBH aBe nBl(N) pBr aCa(H) cCm aGe aHb(E) aHe cHo cMo cRf(S) cRm cSk cUk] 

    Euro+Med: Albania introduced; Algeria native; Austria, with Liechtenstein cultivated; Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan cultivated); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca native, Menorca naturalised); Belgium, with Luxembourg casual; Bosnia-Herzegovina cultivated; Canary islands native: doubtfully native (Fuerteventura native, Gomera native, Gran Canaria native, Hierro casual, La Palma native, Lanzarote native, Tenerife native); Corsica native; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea cultivated; Croatia native; Cyprus native; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Former Yugoslavia cultivated; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France native); Germany casual; Great Britain introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Greece native; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland casual); Israel/Palestine native; Italy native; Jordan native; Lebanon native; Libya native; Madeira archipelago native: doubtfully native (Desertas native: doubtfully native, Madeira island native: doubtfully native, Porto Santo native: doubtfully native); Moldova cultivated; Morocco native; Netherlands cultivated; Portugal native; Romania cultivated; Russia (S European Russia cultivated); Sardinia native; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily native); Slovakia cultivated; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra native, Gibraltar native, Spain native); Switzerland casual; Syria native; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native); Ukraine cultivated; Ukraine, with Crimea cultivated

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): AngjinareA; Arabic (Lebanon): حَرْشَفB, هَيْشَرB; Arabic (Syria): حَرْشَفC, هَيْشَرC; Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): АртишокD; French (Corse): ArtichautE, CardonE; Hebrew (Israel): קנרסF; Italian (Italy): CarciofoG; Russian (Russia): АртишокH; Ukrainian (Ukraine): АртишокI

    Bibliography

    A. Vangjeli, J. (ed.), Flore de l'Albanie 4. 2000
    B. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
    C. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
    D. Karjagin, I. I., Flora azerbajdžana 8. 1961
    E. Gamisans, J., Flora Corsica. 2007
    F. Danin, A., Flora of Israel Online
    G. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
    H. Fedorov, A. A., Flora Partis europaeae URSS 7. 1994
    I. Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. 1999