Silybum

Silybum

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Silybum Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 116, 605. 1763, nom. cons.
  • Mariana Hill, Veg. Syst. 4: 19. 1762, nom. rej.

Distribution

AE(G) Ab(A) Ag Al Ar BH Bl(I M N) Bu Ca(dC dF dG dL dP dT) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gg Gr Hs(G S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Md(dD dM dP) Mk Rf(CS) Sa Si(M S) Sn Sy Tn Tu(A E) [Au(pA aL) nAz(F G S T) nBe(aB) nBr pBy nCa(H) pCm pDa aEs pGa(C) aGe nHb(E N) pHe aHo aLa pLt pMo pNo cPo pRf(C E NW S) pRm cSk pSl aSr pSu pUk] 

Euro+Med: Albania native; Algeria native; Armenia native; Austria, with Liechtenstein (Austria introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Liechtenstein casual); Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan native); Azores (Faial naturalised, Graciosa naturalised, Santa Maria naturalised, Terceira naturalised); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca native, Menorca native); Belarus introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Belgium, with Luxembourg naturalised (Belgium casual); Bosnia-Herzegovina native; Bulgaria native; Canary islands native (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully native, Gomera native: doubtfully native, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully native, Hierro naturalised, La Palma native: doubtfully native, Lanzarote native: doubtfully native, Tenerife native: doubtfully native); Corsica native; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Croatia native; Cyprus native; Czech Republic native; Denmark introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Estonia casual; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, France native); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native; Germany casual; Great Britain naturalised; Greece native; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland naturalised, Northern Ireland naturalised); Israel/Palestine native; Italy native; Jordan native; Latvia casual; Lebanon native; Libya native; Lithuania introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Madeira archipelago native (Desertas native: doubtfully native, Madeira island native: doubtfully native, Porto Santo native: doubtfully native); Moldova introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Montenegro native; Morocco native; Netherlands casual; North Macedonia native; Norway introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Poland cultivated; Portugal native; Romania introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Russia (C European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, E European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, NW European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, North Caucasus native, S European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation); Sardinia native; Serbia, with Kosovo casual; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily native); Sinai native; Slovakia cultivated; Slovenia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Gibraltar native, Spain native); Sweden introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Switzerland introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Syria native; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Ukraine, with Crimea introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation

Common Names

Albanian (Albania): GjembgomariA; Arabic (Lebanon): خُرْفَيْشB, سَلْبينB; Arabic (Syria): خُرْفَيْشC, سَلْبينC; Armenian (Armenia): ԿաթնափուշD; Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): АлагангалE; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Бял трънF; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): MariadistelG; English (Great Britain): Milk ThistleH; Estonian (Estonia): MaarjaohakasI; French (Corse): SylibeJ; German (Germany): MariendistelK; Hebrew (Israel): גְּדִילָןL, גדילןL; Italian (Italy): CardoM; Latvian (Latvia): MārdadzisI; Lithuanian (Lithuania): MargainisI; Polish (Poland): OstropestN; Russian (Armenia): РасторопшаD; Russian (Russia): РасторопшаO; Swedish (Sweden): MariatistlarP; Ukrainian (Ukraine): РозторопшаQ

Bibliography

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B. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
C. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
D. Flora of Armenia 9. 1995
E. Karjagin, I. I., Flora azerbajdžana 8. 1961
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G. Meijden, R. van der, Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. 1990
H. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H., English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2. 1986
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K. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. 2005
L. Danin, A., Flora of Israel Online
M. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
N. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & al., Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. in Biodiversity Poland 1. 2002
O. Fedorov, A. A., Flora Partis europaeae URSS 7. 1994
P. Karlsson & Thomas, Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter
Q. Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. 1999