Silybum

Silybum

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Silybum Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 116, 605. 1763, nom. cons.
  • Mariana Hill, Veg. Syst. 4: 19. 1762, nom. rej.

Distribution

AE(G) Ab(A) Ag Al Ar BH Bl(I M N) Bu Ca(dC dF dG dL dP dT) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gg Gr Hs(G S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Md(dD dM dP) Mk Rf(CS) Sa Si(M S) Sn Sy Tn Tu(A E) [Au(pA aL) nAz(F G S T) nBe(aB) nBr pBy nCa(H) pCm pDa aEs pGa(C) aGe nHb(E N) pHe aHo aLa pLt pMo pNo cPo pRf(C E NW S) pRm cSk pSl aSr pSu pUk] 

Euro+Med: Albania native; Algeria native; Armenia native; Austria, with Liechtenstein (Austria introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Liechtenstein casual); Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan native); Azores (Faial naturalised, Graciosa naturalised, Santa Maria naturalised, Terceira naturalised); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca native, Menorca native); Belarus introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Belgium, with Luxembourg naturalised (Belgium casual); Bosnia-Herzegovina native; Bulgaria native; Canary islands native (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully native, Gomera native: doubtfully native, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully native, Hierro naturalised, La Palma native: doubtfully native, Lanzarote native: doubtfully native, Tenerife native: doubtfully native); Corsica native; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Croatia native; Cyprus native; Czech Republic native; Denmark introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Estonia casual; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, France native); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native; Germany casual; Great Britain naturalised; Greece native; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland naturalised, Northern Ireland naturalised); Israel/Palestine native; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City native; Jordan native; Latvia casual; Lebanon native; Libya native; Lithuania introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Madeira archipelago native (Desertas native: doubtfully native, Madeira island native: doubtfully native, Porto Santo native: doubtfully native); Moldova introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Montenegro native; Morocco native; Netherlands casual; North Macedonia native; Norway introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Poland cultivated; Portugal native; Romania introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Russia (C European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, E European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, NW European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, North Caucasus native, S European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation); Sardinia native; Serbia, with Kosovo casual; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily native); Sinai native; Slovakia cultivated; Slovenia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Gibraltar native, Spain native); Sweden introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Switzerland introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Syria native; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Ukraine, with Crimea introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation

Common Names

Albanian (Albania): GjembgomariA; Arabic (Lebanon): خُرْفَيْشB, سَلْبينB; Arabic (Syria): خُرْفَيْشC, سَلْبينC; Armenian (Armenia): ԿաթնափուշD; Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): АлагангалE; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Бял трънF; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): MariadistelG; English (Great Britain): Milk ThistleH; Estonian (Estonia): MaarjaohakasI; Finnish (Finland): maarianohdakkeetJ; French (Corse): SylibeK; German (Germany): MariendistelL; Hebrew (Israel): גְּדִילָןM, גדילןM; Italian (Italy): CardoN; Latvian (Latvia): MārdadzisI; Lithuanian (Lithuania): MargainisI; Polish (Poland): OstropestO; Russian (Armenia): РасторопшаD; Russian (Russia): РасторопшаP; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): mariatistlarJ; Swedish (Sweden): MariatistlarQ; Ukrainian (Ukraine): РозторопшаR

Bibliography

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B. Nehmé, M. 2000: Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban
C. Nehmé, M. 2008: Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora
D. Takhtajan, A. L. 1995: Flora of Armenia 9
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G. Meijden, R. van der 1990: Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. – Groningen
H. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H. 1986: English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2
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K. Gamisans, J. 2007: Flora Corsica
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N. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3. – Bologna
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Q. Karlsson & Thomas: Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter – http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/chk/chk3.htm
R. Prokudin, J. N. 1999: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy