Carduus

Carduus

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Carduus L., Sp. Pl.: 820. 1753

    Distribution

    AE(G T) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) BH Be(B L) Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(C F G H L P T) Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fe Ga(C F M) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A G S) Hu Ir It Jo La Le Li Lt Lu Ma Md(M dP) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [nAz(F G J M P S T) aIs] 

    Euro+Med: Albania native; Algeria native; Armenia native; Austria, with Liechtenstein native (Austria native, Liechtenstein native); Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan (core) native, Nakhchivan native); Azores (Faial naturalised, Graciosa naturalised, Pico naturalised, Santa Maria naturalised, São Jorge naturalised, São Miguel naturalised, Terceira naturalised); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca native, Menorca native); Belarus native; Belgium, with Luxembourg native (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bosnia-Herzegovina native; Bulgaria native; Canary islands native (Fuerteventura native, Gomera native, Gran Canaria native, Hierro native, La Palma native, Lanzarote native, Tenerife native); Corsica native; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea native; Croatia native; Cyprus native; Czech Republic native; Denmark native; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands native, Turkish East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Estonia native; Finland native; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands native, France native, Monaco native); Georgia native; Germany native; Great Britain native; Greece native; Hungary native; Iceland casual; Ireland, with N Ireland native (Ireland native, Northern Ireland native); Israel/Palestine native; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City native; Jordan native; Latvia native; Lebanon native; Libya native; Lithuania native; Madeira archipelago native (Madeira island native, Porto Santo native: doubtfully native); Moldova native; Montenegro native; Morocco native; Netherlands native; North Macedonia native; Norway native; Poland native; Portugal native; Romania native; Russia (C European Russia native, E European Russia native, Kaliningrad region native, N European Russia native, NW European Russia native, North Caucasus native, S European Russia native); Sardinia native; Serbia, with Kosovo native; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily native); Sinai native; Slovakia native; Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra native, Gibraltar native, Spain native); Sweden native; Switzerland native; Syria native; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine native; Ukraine, with Crimea native

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): FreshkullA; Arabic (Lebanon): ضَهْياءB, قَرْدوسB; Arabic (Syria): ضَهْياءC, قَرْدوسC; Armenian (Armenia): ՏատասկափուշD; Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): ШејтангангалыE; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Магарешки бодилF; Corsican (Corse): CarduG; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): DistelH; English (Great Britain): ThistleI; Estonian (Estonia): KaruohakasJ; Finnish (Finland): karhiaisetK; French (Corse): ChardonG; French (Switzerland): ChardonL; German (Germany): DistelM; German (Switzerland): DistelN; Hebrew (Israel): קַרְדַּתO, קרדתO; Italian (Italy): CardoP; Italian (Switzerland): CardoQ; Latvian (Latvia): DzelksnisJ; Lithuanian (Lithuania): DagysJ; Polish (Poland): OsetR; Romanian (Moldova): СпинS; Russian (Armenia): ЧертополохT; Russian (Russia): ЧертополохU; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): piggtistlarK; Swedish (Sweden): PiggtistlarV; Ukrainian (Ukraine): БудякW

    Bibliography

    A. Vangjeli, J. (ed.) 2000: Flore de l'Albanie 4
    B. Nehmé, M. 2000: Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban
    C. Nehmé, M. 2008: Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora
    D. Takhtajan, A. L. 1995: Flora of Armenia 9
    E. Karjagin, I. I. 1961: Flora Azerbajdžana 8. – Baku: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk Azerbajdžanskoj SSR
    F. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo
    G. Gamisans, J. 2007: Flora Corsica (as Carduus L.)
    H. Meijden, R. van der 1990: Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. – Groningen (as Carduus L.)
    I. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H. 1986: English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2 (as Carduus L.)
    J. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R. 2003: Flora baltijskich respublik. Flora of the Baltic countries. 3. – Tartu (as Carduus L.)
    K. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS (as Carduus L.)
    L. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS). – Genève (as Carduus L.)
    M. Rothmaler, W. H. P. 2005: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. – München (as Carduus L.)
    N. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angenzenden Gebiete (as Carduus L.)
    O. Danin, A.: Flora of Israel Online – http://flora.huji.ac.il (as Carduus L.)
    P. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3. – Bologna (as Carduus L.)
    Q. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Indice sinonimico della Flora della Svizzera e territori limitrofi (as Carduus L.)
    R. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. 2002: Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. – Biodiversity Poland 1 (as Carduus L.)
    S. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. – Kisinev: Shtiintza (as Carduus L.)
    T. Takhtajan, A. L. 1995: Flora of Armenia 9 (as Carduus L.)
    U. Fedorov, A. A. 1994: Flora Partis europaeae URSS 7. – Leningrad (as Carduus L.)
    V. Karlsson, T. & Thomas: Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter – http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/chk/chk3.htm (as Carduus L.)
    W. Prokudin, J. N. 1999: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy (as Carduus L.)