Taraxacum sect. Taraxacum

Taraxacum sect. Taraxacum

Synonymy

Source: Kirschner, J., Štepánek, J. & Greuter, W. (2007+): Taraxacum. – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. sect. Taraxacum
  • Leontodon taraxacum L., Sp. Pl.: 798. 1753
  • Leontodon vulgaris Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 113. 1779, nom. illeg.
  • Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg., Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 56. 1780
  • Taraxacum vulgare Schrank, Baier. Reise: 11. 1793, nom. illeg.
  • Taraxacum dens-leonis Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 227. 1799, nom. illeg.
  • =Taraxacum [unranked] Genuina H. Lindb. in Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 29(9): 8. 1908
  • =Taraxacum sect. Vulgaria Dahlst. in Acta Fl. Sueciae 1: 37. 1921, nom. illeg.
  • =Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia Kirschner & al. in Taxon 36: 615. 1987
  • Taraxacum anceps, nom. inval.
  • Taraxacum eumorphum, nom. inval.
  • Taraxacum officinale aggr., nom. inval.
  • Taraxacum officinale subsp. vulgare, nom. inval.
  • Taraxacum rubescens, nom. inval.
  • "Taraxacum officinale" sensu Mouterde 1978–19841; sensu Gejdeman 19862; sensu Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 19923; sensu Vangjeli 20034
  • "Taraxacum officinale subsp. erectum" sensu Hayek 1928–19315; sensu Rohlena 19426
  • 1. Mouterde, P. 1978–1984: Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie 3, Texte. – Beirut, 2. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. – Kisinev: Shtiintza, 3. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo, 4. Vangjeli, J. 2003: Udhëheqës fushor i florës së Shqipërisë. – Tiranë, 5. Hayek, A. von 1928–1931: Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2. – Repertorium specierum novarum regni vegetabilis. Beihefte 30(2), 6. Rohlena, J. 1942: Conspectus florae montenegrinae. – Preslia. Věstník (Časopis) československé botanické společnosti 20-21: 1-506

Distribution

AE(G) Ab(A) Al Ar Au(A L) Az(C F dJ L M) BH Be(B L) Bl(M) Br Bu By Ca(C dF G dL P T) Cg Cm Co -Cr Cs Ct Da Es Fa Fe Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Is It -Jo La Le Lt Lu Ma Md(M) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm ?Sa Si(S) Sk Sl Sr Su Sy Tu(A E) Uk [nCy Sb cSi(M)] 

Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativenativeA,B,C,D,E,F,G; Armenia nativeH,I,J,K,L; Austria, with Liechtenstein nativenativeE (Austria native, Liechtenstein nativeM); Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan (core) nativenativeI,J,K,N); Azores nativeE (Corvo native, Faial native, Flores native, São Jorge native: doubtfully native, São Miguel native); Baleares nativeE,O,P (Mallorca native); Belarus nativenativeK; Belgium, with Luxembourg nativenativeE (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativenativeC,D,Q; Bulgaria nativenativeC,D,E,R,S,T; Canary islands (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully nativeU, Gomera native, Gran Canaria native, La Palma native, Lanzarote native: doubtfully nativeU, Tenerife native); Corsica nativenativeE,V,W,X; Crete, with Karpathos native: reported in errorY; Crimea nativenativeE,H,K,Z,AA; Croatia nativenativeD,AB,AC; Cyprus naturalisedAD,AE,AF; Czech Republic nativenativeAG,AH,AI; Denmark nativenativeE; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAJ,AK); Estonia nativenativeAL,AM; Faroe islands nativenativeE; Finland nativenativeE,AN; Former Yugoslavia nativenativeE; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands native, France nativenativeE,V,AO,AP); Georgia nativenativeI,J,K,AQ,AR; Germany nativenativeE; Great Britain nativenativeE; Greece nativenativeC,D,E,H,AJ,AS,AT; Hungary nativenativeE,AU,AV; Iceland nativenativeE; Ireland, with N Ireland nativenativeE (Ireland native, Northern Ireland native); Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativenativeE,W,X,AW,AX; Jordan native: reported in errorAY; Latvia nativenativeAM,AZ; Lebanon nativenativeH,BA,BB; Lithuania nativenativeAM; Madeira archipelago (Madeira island native); Moldova nativenativeK,BC; Montenegro nativenativeC,D,BD,BE; Morocco nativenativeBF; Netherlands nativenativeE,BG; North Macedonia nativeC,D,BH,BI,BJ,BK,BL,BM; Norway nativenativeE; Poland nativenativeE,BN,BO,BP; Portugal nativenativeE; Romania nativenativeD,E,BQ,BR,BS; Russia (C European Russia nativenativeK, E European Russia nativenativeK, Kaliningrad region native, N European Russia nativenativeK, NW European Russia nativenativeK, North Caucasus nativenativeI,J,K,BT,BU, S European Russia nativenativeK); Sardinia native: presence questionableBV,BW; Serbia, with Kosovo nativenativeC,D,BX; Sicily, with Malta nativeE (Malta cultivatedBY, Sicily nativeW,X,AW,BZ); Slovakia nativenativeAG,AH,CA; Slovenia nativeCB,CC,CD; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativenativeE (Andorra nativenativeCE, Spain nativenativeO,P,CF,CG,CH); Svalbard introducedE; Sweden nativenativeE; Switzerland nativenativeE,CI,CJ; Syria nativenativeH,BA,CK; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativenativeH,AK,CK,CL, Turkey-in-Europe nativenativeE,H,CM); Ukraine nativenativeK,Z; Ukraine, with Crimea nativenativeCN

Common Names

Albanian (Albania): Luleshurdhe mjekësoreCO; Arabic (Lebanon): طَرَخْشَقون مَخْزَنيCP; Arabic (Syria): طَرَخْشَقون مَخْزَنيCQ; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Обикновено глухарчеCR; Finnish (Finland): rikkavoikukatCS; German (Germany): Wiesen-KuhblumeCT; Italian (Italy): Dente di LeoneW, Piscia caneW, PiscialettoW, SoffioneW, Tarassaco comuneW; Romanian (Moldova): Пэпэдие медичиналэCU; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): ogräsmaskrosorCS

Bibliography

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C. Hayek, A. von 1928–1931: Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2. – Repertorium specierum novarum regni vegetabilis. Beihefte 30(2) (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. erectum)
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M. Seitter, H. 1977: Die Flora des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. – Vaduz (as Taraxacum sect. Vulgaria Dahlst.)
N. Karjagin, I. I. 1961: Flora Azerbajdžana 8. – Baku: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk Azerbajdžanskoj SSR (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
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R. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
S. As’ov, B., Petrova, A., Dimitrov, D. & Vasilev, R. 2002: Konspekt na visšata flora na Bălgarija, ed. 2. – Sofija (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
T. Stojanov, N. & Stefanov, B. 1967: Flora na Bălgarija, 4 [Stojanov, N., Stefanov, B. & Kitanov, B.], 2. – Sofija (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. officinale)
U. Acebes Ginovés, J. R. & al. 2010: Pteridophyta, Spermatophyta, pp. 119-172. – In: Arechavaleta, M., Rodríguez, S., Zurita, N. & García, A., Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias. Hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2009. – Santa Cruz de Tenerife (as Taraxacum vulgare Schrank)
V. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de 1982: Flore de France 4. – Paris (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
W. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3. – Bologna (as Taraxacum officinale aggr.)
X. Zangheri, P. 1976: Flora italica 1 (Testo). – Padova (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
Y. Jahn, R. & Schönfelder, P. 1995: Exkursionsflora für Kreta. – Stuttgart
Z. Prokudin, J. N. 1987: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AA. Vul’f, E. V. 1969: Flora Kryma 3(3) [Rubcov, N. I. & Privalova, L. A.]. – Moskva & Jalta (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AB. Nikolić, T. 2000: Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 3. – Natura Croatica 9, Suppl. 1 (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AC. Nikolić, T. 2020: Flora Croatica. Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske 2. – Zagreb
AD. Della, A. 1999: The Cyprus flora in checklist format. – Roma (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AE. Georgiades, C. 1994: Ê epigenês hlôrida tês Kuprou, taxonomikê, hlôridikê, futogeôgrafikê, oikofusiologikê meletê. – Athêna: Ph.D. thesis, Athens University. (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AF. Wittzell, H. 1999: Miscellaneous Taraxacum notes from Cyprus. – Taraxacum Newsletter 21: 5-6
AG. Dostál, J. 1989: Nová kvetena CSSR 2. – Praha (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AH. Dostál, J. 1992: Vel’ký kl’úc na určovanie vyšších rastlín 2. – Bratislava (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AI. Kubát, K. 2002: Klíč ke květeně České republiky. – Praha (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AJ. Dimopoulos, P., Raus, Th., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatroú, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A. & Tzanoudakis, D. 2013: Vascular Plants of Greece. An annotated checklist. – Englera 31 (as Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia Kirschner & al.)
AK. Rechinger, K. H. 1944: Flora aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres. – Denkschriften, Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 105(1) (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AL. Eichwald, K. & al. 1978: Eesti NSV floora 6. – Tallinn (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AM. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R. 2003: Flora baltijskih republik. Svodka sosudistyh rastenij 3. – Tartu (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AN. Sonck, C. E. 1991: Översikt av Taraxacum-arnerna i Enare Lappmark. Del I. – Norrlinia 3 (as Taraxacum rubescens)
AO. Fournier, P. 1934–1940: Les quatre flores de la France, Corse comprise. – Paris (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. vulgare)
AP. Tison, J.-M. & de Foucault, B. 2014: Flora Gallica. – Mèze: Biotope (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AQ. Kec'xoveli, N. (ed. Gagnidze, R.) 2003: Flora Gruzii, ed. 2, 14. – Tbilisi (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AR. Kec'xoveli, N. 1952: Flora Gruzii 8. – Tbilisi (as Taraxacum vulgare Schrank)
AS. Halácsy, E. von 1902: Conspectus florae graecae 2. – Lepizig (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AT. Halácsy, E. von 1908: Supplementum conspectus florae graecae. – Leipzig (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AU. Horváth, F., Dobolyi, Z. K., Morschhauser, T, Lőkös, L., Karas, L. & Szerdahelyi, T. 1995: Flóra adatbázis 1.2. Taxon-lista és attribútum allomány. – Vácrátót (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AV. Simon, T. 1992: A magyarországi edényes flóra határozója. Harasztok - virágos növények. – Budapest (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
AW. Conti, F., Abbate, G., Alessandrini, A. & Blasi, C. 2005: An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora. – Roma: Fratelli Palombi (as Taraxacum officinale aggr.)
AX. Fiori, A. 1925–1929: Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. – Firenze (as Taraxacum officinale var. vulgare)
AY. Zohary, M. & Feinbrun-Dothan, N. 1978: Flora Palaestina 3 (Text) [Feinbrun-Dothan, N.]. – Jerusalem
AZ. Tabaka, L., Gabrilova, G. & Fatare, I. 1988: Flora sosudistyh rastenij Latvijskoj SSR. – Riga (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BA. Mouterde, P. 1978–1984: Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie 3, Texte. – Beirut (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BB. Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. 2007: Illustrated flora of Lebanon. – Beirut (as Taraxacum officinale)
BC. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. – Kisinev: Shtiintza (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BD. Rohlena, J. 1942: Conspectus florae montenegrinae. – Preslia. Věstník (Časopis) československé botanické společnosti 20-21: 1-506 (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. erectum)
BE. Rohlena, J. 1942: Conspectus florae montenegrinae. – Preslia. Věstník (Časopis) československé botanické společnosti 20-21: 1-506 (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. officinale)
BF. Valdés, B., Rejdali, M., Achhal El Kadmiri, A., Jury, S. L. & Montserrat-Marti, J. M. 2002: Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d’identification 2. – Madrid (as Taraxacum officinale aggr.)
BG. Meijden, R. van der 1990: Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. – Groningen (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BH. Bornmüller, J. 1926: Beiträge zur Flora Mazedoniens. Sammlungen in den Kriegsjahren 1916-1918. II. – Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie. Beiblätter 136 (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BI. Matevski, V. 1995: Florata na planinskiot masiv Dobra Voda. – Skopje (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BJ. Matvejeva, J. 1965: Prilog poznavanju flore planine Zeden. – Acta Musei Macedonici Scientiarium Naturalium 10(2) (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BK. Nikolovski, T. & Cirimotić, J. 1958: Karakteristika na krajbrežnite rastitelni grupacii po srednoto i dolnoto tečenie na r. Vardar (poteg Titov Veles-Gevgelija). – Godišnik Šumarski Institut 3: 119-149 (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BL. Stojanov, N. 1928: Thracische und macedonische Herbarmaterialen des verstorbenen Prof. Dr. Theodor Nikoloff. – Spisanie na bulgarskata akademija na naukite 37: 49-209 (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BM. Vandas, K. 1909: Reliquiae Formánekianae. – Brno (as Taraxacum vulgare Schrank)
BN. Mirek, Z. 1995: Vascular plants of Poland. A Checklist. – Polish Botanical Studies Guidebook Series 15 (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BO. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. 2002: Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. – Biodiversity Poland 1 (as Taraxacum anceps)
BP. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. 2002: Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. – Biodiversity Poland 1 (as Taraxacum eumorphum)
BQ. Ciocârlan, V. 1990: Flora ilustrata a României 2. – Bucureşti: Editura Ceres (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BR. Popescu, A. & Sanda, V. 1998: Conspectul florei cormofitelor spontane din România. – Acta Bot. Horti Bucurest., Suppl. (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BS. Săvulescu, T. 1965: Flora Republicii Populare Romîne 10. – Bucureşti (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BT. Galuško, A. I. 1980: Flora severnogo Kavkaza 3. – Rostov-na-Donu (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BU. Zernov, A. S. 2000: Rastenija severo-zapadnogo Zakavkaz’ja. – Moskva (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BV. Arrigoni, P. V. 2006: Note tassonomiche e corologiche sulla flora sarda. – Parlatorea 8: 53-62 (as Taraxacum officinale aggr.)
BW. Arrigoni, P. V. 2015: Flora dell'isola di Sardegna 5. – Sassari: Carlo Delfino (as Taraxacum vulgare Schrank)
BX. Josifović, M. 1975: Flora SR Srbije 7. – Beograd: Srpska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosni (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. officinale)
BY. Haslam, S. L., Sell, P. D. & Wolseley, P. A. 1977: A flora of the Maltese Islands. – Msida (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
BZ. Giardina, G., Raimondo, F. M. & Spadaro, V. 2007: A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily. – Bocconea 20 (as Taraxacum officinale)
CA. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F. 1998: Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. – Bratislava (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
CB. Martinčič, A. & Sušnik, F. 1969: Mala flora Slovenije. – Ljubljana (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
CC. Martinčič, A. 1999: Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. – Ljubljana (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
CD. Trpin, D. & Vreš, B. 1995: Register flore Slovenije. Praprotnice in cvetnice. – Ljubljana (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
CE. Carrillo, E., Mercadé, A., Ninot, J. M., Carreras, J., Ferré, A. & Font, X. 2008: Check-list i Llista vermella de la flora d’Andorra (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
CF. Cadevall i Diars, J. & Sallent, A. 1923: Flora de Catalunya 3(3-6). – Barcelona (as Taraxacum vulgare Schrank)
CG. Valdés, B., Talavera, S. & Fernández-Galiano, E. 1987: Flora vascular de Andalucía occidental 3. – Barcelona (as Taraxacum vulgare Schrank)
CH. Willkomm, M. & Lange, J. 1865–1870: Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. – Stuttgart (as Taraxacum officinale var. officinale)
CI. Hess, H. E. 1998: Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete, ed. 4. – Basel, Boston & Berlin (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
CJ. Schinz, H. & Keller, R. 1914: Flora der Schweiz, ed. 3, 2. – Zürich (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. vulgare)
CK. Post, G. E. 1933: Flora of Syria, Palestine, and Sinai, 2 [Dinsmore, J. E.], 2. – Beirut (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
CL. Davis, P. H. 1975: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. – Edinburgh (as Taraxacum vulgare Schrank)
CM. Webb, D. A. 1966: The flora of European Turkey. – Proceedings of the royal irish academy. Section B, biological, geological and chemical sciences 65/B/1: 1-100 (as Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg.)
CN. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. 1999: Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. – Kiev: M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (as Taraxacum officinale aggr.)
CO. Vangjeli, J. (ed.) 2000: Flore de l'Albanie 4 (as Taraxacum officinale)
CP. Nehmé, M. 2000: Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban (as Taraxacum officinale)
CQ. Nehmé, M. 2008: Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora (as Taraxacum officinale)
CR. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Taraxacum officinale)
CS. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS
CT. Rothmaler, W. H. P. 2005: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. – München
CU. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. – Kisinev: Shtiintza (as Taraxacum officinale)