Centaurea solstitialis

Centaurea solstitialis

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Centaurea solstitialis L., Sp. Pl.: 917. 1753
  • Calcitrapa solstitialis (L.) Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 34. 1779
  • =Centaurea pseudosolstitialis Debeaux in Rev. Bot. Bull. Mens. 12: 211. 1894

Distribution

AE(G T) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar BH -Bl Bu Cg Cm Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gg Gr Hs(S) Hu It Jo Le Ma Mk Mo Rf(CS) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sl Sn Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [pAu(aA) aBe(B) aBr aCs aEs pGa(C) nGe aHb(E N) aHe aHo pNo aPo pRf(C E) nSk] 

Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativeA,B,C,D,E,F; Algeria native; Armenia nativeG,H,I,J; Austria, with Liechtenstein introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationD (Austria casualK); Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan (core) nativeG,H,I,L, Nakhchivan nativeG,I,L); Baleares native: reported in errorM; Belgium, with Luxembourg casualN (Belgium casualO); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativeC,P; Bulgaria nativeC,D,Q,R,S; Corsica nativenativeAA,AB,AC,AD,AE,AF,AG,AH,D,T,U,V,W,X,Y,Z; Crete, with Karpathos nativeAI,AJ,AK,C,D; Crimea nativenativeAL,AM,AN,AO,AP,D,H; Croatia nativeAQ,AR,C,Z; Cyprus nativeAS,AT,AU; Czech Republic casualcasualAV,AW,AX,AY,AZ; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAI,AK,BA, Turkish East Aegean islands nativeAK,BA,BB); Egypt nativeBC,BD; Estonia casualBE,BF; Former Yugoslavia nativeD; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationBG, France nativeAA,AE,AG,BH,D,T,X); Georgia nativenativeBI,BJ,BK,G,H,I; Germany naturalisedBL; Great Britain casualBM,D; Greece nativenativeAI,AK,AL,BN,C,D; Hungary nativeBO,BP,BQ; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland casualBR, Northern Ireland casualBR); Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativenativeAH,BS,BT,D,Z; Jordan nativeBU,BV; Lebanon nativeAL,BW,BX,BY; Moldova nativenativeAM,BZ,H; Montenegro nativeC,CA; Morocco native; Netherlands casualCB,CC; North Macedonia nativenativeAL,C,CD,CE,CF,CG,CH,CI,CJ,CK,CL,CM; Norway introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationCN; Poland casualCO,CP,D; Romania nativeCQ,CR; Russia (C European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationAM,H, E European Russia introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationintroduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationAM, North Caucasus nativeAL,CS,CT,G,H,I); Sardinia nativenativeBS,BT,CU,D; Serbia, with Kosovo nativenativeC,CV; Sicily, with Malta nativenativeD (Malta nativeCW,Z, Sicily nativenativeAH,BS,BT,CX,Z); Sinai nativeBC,CY; Slovakia naturalisednaturalisedAV,AW,CZ; Slovenia nativeDA,DB; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeD,DC (Spain nativenativeBH,DD,DE,DF,DG,DH); Switzerland casual; Syria nativeAL,BW,BX,CY; Tunisia nativenativeDI; Turkey native (Turkey, Asiatic part nativenativeAK,AL,DJ,G, Turkey-in-Europe nativeAK,BB,D,DJ,DK); Ukraine nativenativeAM,AN,H; Ukraine, with Crimea nativenativeDL

Common Names

Albanian (Albania): Gjemb i bardhëDM; Arabic (Lebanon): قَنْطُرْيون صَيْفيDN; Arabic (Syria): قَنْطُرْيون صَيْفيDO; Aragonese (Spain): blanquillaDP, blanquinaDP, cardigazoDP, cardo del diabloDP, rodetasDP; Armenian (Armenia): Տերեփուկ արևայինDQ; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Средиземноморска метличинаDR; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): arniolaDP, auraiolaDP, aurayolesDP, auriolaDP, blanquiellaDP, card estrellatDP, floraviaDP, marriolaDP, narriolaDP, narriolesDP, oriolaDP, renigrolaDP, reniquiolaDP, reniquolesDP; Croatian (Croatia): Bodljikava zečinaDS, HrbutDT, HrbutaDT, Sjekavica žutaDT, Suncolika zečinaDU; Czech (Czech Republic): Chrpa žlutáDV, Sikavice žlutáDV; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): ZomercentaurieDW; English (Great Britain): Yellow Star-thistleDX; English (Malta): Yellow Star-thistleDY; Finnish (Finland): keltaorakaunokkiDZ; French (Belgium): Centaurée du solsticeEA; French (Corse): Centaurée du solsticeEB; French (France): AurioleEC, Centaurée du solsticeEC, Chardon doréEC; French (Switzerland): Centaurée du solsticeED; German (Germany): Sonnwend-FlockenblumeEE; German (Switzerland): Sonnenwend-FlockenblumeEF; Hebrew (Israel): דַּרְדַּר אֲבִיבִיEG, דרדר אביביEG; High Aragonese (Spain): blanquillaDP, blanquinaDP, cardigazoDP; Italian (Italy): CalcatreppoleEH, Fiordaliso gialloEH, Spino gialloEH; Italian (Switzerland): Fiordaliso gialloEI; Majorcan (Mallorca): oriolaDP; Polish (Poland): Chaber wełnistyEJ; Romanian (Moldova): Скай галбенEK; Russian (Armenia): Василек солнечныйDQ; Slovak (Slovakia): Panevädza letnáEL; Slovenian (Slovenia): Poletni glavinecEM; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): abrepuñoDP, abrimanosDP, abrojosDP, argazolla amarillaDP, arzollaDP, cardo alazoradoDP, cardo estrellado de flor amarillaDP, ramón pajareroDP; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): stjärnklintDZ; Swedish (Sweden): StjärnklintEN; Ukrainian (Ukraine): Волошка сонячнаEO

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CW. Haslam, S. L., Sell, P. D. & Wolseley, P. A. 1977: A flora of the Maltese Islands. – Msida
CX. Giardina, G., Raimondo, F. M. & Spadaro, V. 2007: A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily. – Bocconea 20 (as Centaurea solstitialis L. subsp. solstitialis)
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DI. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1981: Flore de la Tunisie 2. – Tunis
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DK. Webb, D. A. 1966: The flora of European Turkey. – Proceedings of the royal irish academy. Section B, biological, geological and chemical sciences 65/B/1: 1-100
DL. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. 1999: Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. – Kiev: M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
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DN. Nehmé, M. 2000: Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DO. Nehmé, M. 2008: Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DP. anonymous 2010: Anthos. Information System of the plants of Spain. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC - Fundación Biodiversidad – http://www.anthos.es/ (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DQ. Takhtajan, A. L. 1995: Flora of Armenia 9 (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DR. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DS. Domac, R. 1994: Flora Hrvatske, prirucnik za odredivanje bilja. – Zagreb: Školska knjiga (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DT. Šulek, B. 1879: Jugoslavenski imenik bilja. – Zagreb: Knjiga, Šs.n.C (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DU. Schlosser, J. C. K. & Vukotinovic, Lj. 1876: Bilinar. Flora excursoria. Uputa u sabiranju i oznacivanju bilinah u Hrvatskoj, Slavoniji i Dalmaciji, Knjiga, L. Hartman i družba. – Zagreb (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DV. Jindřich Chrtek: Seznam vyšších rostlin květeny České republiky – http://www.ibot.cas.cz/nastenka/index.php (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DW. Meijden, R. van der 1990: Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. – Groningen (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DX. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H. 1986: English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2 (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DY. Haslam, S. M., Sell, P. D. & Wolsely, P. A. 1977: A Flora of the Maltese Islands. – Msida (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
DZ. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EA. Mauhin, F. 2007: Les noms français des plantes vasculaires de Belgique et des Régions voisines – http://www.lessources-cnb.be (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EB. Gamisans, J. 2007: Flora Corsica (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EC. 2006: Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone – http://www.tela-botanica.org/ (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
ED. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS). – Genève (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EE. Rothmaler, W. H. P. 2005: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. – München (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EF. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angenzenden Gebiete (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EG. Danin, A.: Flora of Israel Online – http://flora.huji.ac.il (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EH. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3. – Bologna (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EI. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Indice sinonimico della Flora della Svizzera e territori limitrofi (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EJ. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. 2002: Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. – Biodiversity Poland 1 (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EK. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. – Kisinev: Shtiintza (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EL. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F. 1998: Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. – Bratislava (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EM. Trpin, D. & Vreš, B. 1995: Register flore Slovenije. Praprotnice in cvetnice. – Ljubljana (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EN. Karlsson, T. & Thomas: Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter – http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/chk/chk3.htm (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)
EO. Prokudin, J. N. 1999: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy (as Centaurea solstitialis L.)