Centaurea aspera

Centaurea aspera

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Centaurea aspera L., Sp. Pl.: 916. 1753
    • =Centaurea isnardii L., Sp. Pl.: 916. 1753
    • Calcitrapa heterophylla Moench, Suppl. Meth.: 230. 1802, nom. illeg.
    • =Centaurea heterophylla Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 2314. 1803
    • Calcitrapoides heterophylla (Willd.) Holub in Preslia 46: 227. 1974
    • =Centaurea auriculata Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 486. 1807
    • =Alophium tenuifolium Cass. in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 54: 494. 1829
    • Centaurea alophium DC., Prodr. 6: 601. 1838, nom. nov.
    • =Centaurea praetermissa Martrin-Donos, Fl. Tarn: 388. 1864

    Distribution

    ● ?Ag Bl(I M N) Ca(C) Co Ga(dC F M) Hs(A S) It Lu Ma Sa Si(S) [nBe(B) pBr aGe aHb(E) aNo] 

    Euro+Med endemic: Algeria native: presence questionable; Baleares native (Ibiza nativenativeA,B, Mallorca nativenativeA,B, Menorca nativenativeA,B); Belgium, with Luxembourg (Belgium naturalisedC,D); Canary islands native (Gran Canaria native); Corsica native; Croatia; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands native: doubtfully nativeE, France nativenativeF,G,H,I, Monaco nativeJ); Germany casualK; Great Britain introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland casualL); Italy nativenativeG,M,N; Morocco nativenativeO; Norway casualP; Portugal nativenativeQ; Sardinia nativenativeG,M,N,R; Sicily, with Malta (Sicily nativenativeS); Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra nativenativeT,U, Spain nativenativeV,W,X,Y)

    Common Names

    Aragonese (Spain): brazeraZ, brozerasZ, frasnialadroZ, herba raseraZ, tramaladrosZ; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): bonagaZ, bovenagaZ, braceraZ, brassaderaZ, brasseraZ, braséraZ, caps de burroZ, esbarceraZ, escabaiosa bordaZ, escabiosa bordaZ, flor del sucreZ, graceraZ, herba de la diabetesZ, herba de la diabetisZ, herba del TerrigZ, herba del gaferrotZ, herba del garrafotZ, herba del sucreZ, herba travaleraZ, herba vaqueraZ, manuagaZ, tiravaquesZ, tramavaleraZ, travaladaZ, travaledaZ, travaleraZ, travalera/travaleresZ, travaleresZ, travarada/esZ, travarada/travaradesZ; English (Great Britain): Rough Star-thistleAA; French (Belgium): Centaurée rudeAB; French (Corse): Centaurée rudeAC; French (France): Centaurée rudeAD; High Aragonese (Spain): brazeraZ, brozeraZ, herba raseraZ; Italian (Italy): Fiordaliso ispidoM; Majorcan (Mallorca): braceraZ, brasseraZ, grasseraZ, travaleraZ; Majorcan (Menorca): graceraZ; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): abrepuñosZ, amargosZ, bovenagaZ, braseraZ, cabraraoZ, cardito digitadoZ, cardoZ, cañaladreraZ, centauraZ, centaurea ásperaZ, esbarceraZ, escobas amargasZ, escobas amargosasZ, fraseraZ, frasnialadroZ, mormagaZ, panialadroZ, paniaradoZ, pañaladroZ, peñaladroZ, peñalaoZ, peñaraoZ, quebraraoZ, quiebra araosZ, quiebra arreosZ, quiebracamasZ, quiebralaoZ, quiebraraoZ, quiebraraosZ, rompearaoZ, trabaleraZ, tramaladroZ, tramaladrosZ; Swedish (Sweden): RaspklintAE; Valencian (Spain): braceraZ, bracereraZ, braceresZ, card bordZ, margeneraZ, panieladroZ, travaleraZ

    Bibliography

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    B. Knoche, H., Flora balearica 2. 1922
    C. Lambinon, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J., Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5. 2004
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    R. Arrigoni, P. V., Flora dell'isola di Sardegna 5. 2015
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    T. Bouchard, J., Additions à la flore d'Andorre depuis la parution du catalogue-flore des Pyrénées de H. Gaussen in Le Monde des plantes 432: 15-18. 1988
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    W. Willkomm, M. & Lange, J., Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. 1865–1870 (as Centaurea alophium DC.)
    X. Willkomm, M. & Lange, J., Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. 1865–1870 (as Centaurea heterophylla Willd.)
    Y. Willkomm, M., Supplementum prodromi florae hispanicae 2. 1893 (as Centaurea aspera var. heterophylla)
    Z. Anonymous, Anthos. Information System of the plants of Spain. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC - Fundación Biodiversidad. 2010
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    AE. Karlsson & Thomas, Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter