Centaurea calcitrapa

Centaurea calcitrapa

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Centaurea calcitrapa L., Sp. Pl.: 917. 1753
    • =Centaurea calcitrapoides L., Cent. Pl. 1: 29. 1755
    • =Calcitrapa stellaris Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 76. 1769
    • =Centaurea myacantha DC. in Lamarck & Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 4: 101. 1805
    • =Centaurea horrida Ten., Index Sem. Hort. Bot. Neapol. 1829: 15. 1829–1830 [non Centaurea horrida Badarò 1824]
    • Centaurea calcitrapa subsp. horrida Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 396. 1882, nom. nov.
    • =Centaurea adulterina DC., Prodr. 6: 596. 1838

    Distribution

    AE(G) Ag Al BH dBe Bl(I M N) Bu nCa(dC dF dG ?H dL dT) Cg Cm Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gr He Ho Hs(G S) Hu It Jo Le Lu Ma Md(dM) Mk Rm Sa Si(M S) Sl Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) [pAu aBe(L) nBr nCa aCs aGa(C) nGe aHb(E) aLa aNo aPo aSk] 

    Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativeA,B,C,D,E,F; Algeria nativeG,H,I,J; Austria, with Liechtenstein introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationD; Baleares nativeD,K (Ibiza nativeL,M,N,O, Mallorca nativeL,M,N,P, Menorca nativeL,M,N,O,Q); Belgium, with Luxembourg native: doubtfully nativeR (Luxembourg casualS,T); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativeC,U; Bulgaria nativeC,D,V,W,X; Canary islands naturalisedH (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Gomera native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Hierro native: presence questionableAA, Lanzarote native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Tenerife native: doubtfully nativeY,Z); Corsica nativeAB,AC,AD,AE,AF,AG,AH,AI,AJ,AK,AL,AM,D; Crete, with Karpathos nativeAN,AO,AP,AQ,AR,C,D; Crimea nativeAS,AT,AU,AV,AW,D; Croatia nativeAF,AX,AY,AZ,C; Cyprus nativenativeBA; Czech Republic casualBB,BC,BD,BE; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAO,AR,BF); Egypt nativeAN,BG,H; Former Yugoslavia nativeD; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands casualBH, France nativeAB,AE,AI,AL,BI,BJ,D,L); Germany naturalisedBK; Great Britain naturalisedBL,D; Greece nativeAN,AO,AP,C,D; Hungary nativeBM,BN,D; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland casualBO); Italy nativenativeAF,AM,BI,BP,BQ,BR,D; Jordan nativeBS,BT,BU; Latvia casualAS,BV,BW; Lebanon nativeAN,BU,BX,BY; Madeira archipelago nativeH (Madeira island native: doubtfully nativeBZ,Z); Montenegro nativeC,CA; Morocco nativeCB,CC,CD,H; Netherlands nativeCE; North Macedonia nativeC,CF,CG,CH,CI,CJ,CK; Norway casualCL; Poland casualCM,CN; Portugal nativeCO,CP,CQ,CR,D; Romania nativeC,CS,CT,D; Sardinia nativeAF,AM,BP,BR,CU,D; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeC,CV; Sicily, with Malta nativeD (Malta nativeCW, Sicily nativenativeAF,AM,BP,BR,CX); Slovakia casualCY,CZ,DA; Slovenia nativeDB,DC; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeD,K (Gibraltar nativeDD, Spain nativeCO,DE,DF,DG,DH,L,M); Switzerland nativeD,DI,DJ; Syria nativeBU,BX; Tunisia nativeDK,DL,G,H; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativenativeBF, Turkey-in-Europe nativeBF,DM); Ukraine, with Crimea nativeDN

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): Kokoçel yllorDO; Arabic (Lebanon): دَرْدارDP, مُرّارDP; Arabic (Syria): دَرْدارDQ, مُرّارDQ; Aragonese (Spain): abreojosDR, abriojosDR, abrojosDR, obreullsDR; Basque (Spain): lubeazunDR, lubeazunaDR, nabarr loreDR, nabarrlosaDR; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Дългоиглеста метличинаV; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): abraüllDR, abraüllsDR, abriüllDR, abriüllsDR, angeletsDR, aubriüllsDR, auriüllDR, auriüllsDR, blanquiellaDR, blanquiellesDR, blauetDR, blavetDR, cagatrepaDR, cagatripaDR, calcitrapaDR, calcítrapaDR, candellDR, candellsDR, cap-blauDR, card estrellatDR, card strellatDR, card vermellDR, espitlleraDR, flor de blatDR, floraviaDR, floravia/floraviesDR, floriviaDR, foraviaDR, herba de la febreDR, herba espitlleraDR, llumsDR, narriolaDR, obreüllDR, obreüllsDR, obri l´ullDR, obriüllDR, obriüllsDR, riolaDR, voraviaDR, xoriviesDR; Corsican (Corse): Scalza-villaniDS; Croatian (Croatia): Brk zečjiDT, Razmaknuta zečinaDU, SikavicaDT, Zvjezdasta zečinaDV, ŠčavicaDT; Czech (Czech Republic): Chrpa sikaviceDW, Sikavice červenáDW; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): KalketripDX; English (Great Britain): Red Star-thistleDY; English (Malta): Red Star-thistleDZ; French (Belgium): Centaurée chausse-trapeEA; French (Corse): Chausse-trapeDS; French (France): Centaurée Chausse-trapeEB, Centaurée étoiléeEB, Chardon étoiléEB; French (Switzerland): Centaurée Chausse-trapeEC; Galician (Madeira): cardo-de-cristoDR; Galician (Spain): arsolaDR, arzolaDR, calcatripaDR, cardo estreladoDR, cardo-estreladoDR, harzoaDR, soldinaDR; German (Germany): Stern-FlockenblumeBK; German (Switzerland): Fussangel-FlockenblumeED; High Aragonese (Spain): abreojosDR, abriojosDR, obreullsDR; Italian (Italy): Fiordaliso stellatoBR; Italian (Switzerland): CalcatreppolaEE, Fiordaliso stellatoEE; Majorcan (Mallorca): carc estrelladDR, card estrellatDR, cart blancDR, cart estrellatDR, floraviaDR, floravíaDR, riolaDR; Polish (Poland): Chaber kolącyCM; Portuguese (Madeira): cardo-de-cristoDR; Portuguese (Portugal): ambretaDR, arzolaDR, calcatripaDR, calcitrapaDR, calsatripaDR, cardo esporadoDR, cardo estreladoDR, cardo estrelladoDR, cardo-estreladoDR, erva-escovinhaDR, loios-dos-jardinsDR, saudadesDR; Slovak (Slovakia): Panevädza bodliakovitáEF; Slovenian (Slovenia): Trnati glavinecDC; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): abreojosDR, abrepuñoDR, abrepuñosDR, abriojoDR, abriojosDR, abrojoDR, abrojosDR, azotacristosDR, cagatripaDR, calcitrapaDR, calcítrapaDR, cardoDR, cardo azotacrihtoDR, cardo estrelladoDR, cardo garbanceroDR, cardo garbanzueloDR, cardo pinchosoDR, centáura estrelladaDR, encarnadaDR, encojaperrosDR, garbanzo del curaDR, garbanzosDR, garbanzos del curaDR, garbanzueloDR, mancaperroDR, quiebracamasDR, ramón sutilDR, sopa de vinoDR, trepa caballosDR, trepacaballosDR, trepacaballos encarnadoDR; Swedish (Sweden): TistelklintEG; Ukrainian (Ukraine): Волошка колючоголоваEH; Valencian (Spain): abraüllsDR, abreüllDR, abreüllsDR, abriullsDR, abriüllDR, abriüllsDR, aubriüllsDR, auriüllsDR, card estrellatDR, floraviaDR, obriullsDR, obriulls dels caminsDR, obriüllDR, obriüllsDR, punxeraDR, punxosesDR

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