Centaurea calcitrapa

Centaurea calcitrapa

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Centaurea calcitrapa L., Sp. Pl.: 917. 1753
    • =Centaurea calcitrapoides L., Cent. Pl. 1: 29. 1755
    • =Calcitrapa stellaris Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 76. 1769
    • =Centaurea myacantha DC. in Lamarck & Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 4: 101. 1805
    • =Centaurea horrida Ten., Index Sem. Hort. Bot. Neapol. 1829: 15. 1829–1830 [non Centaurea horrida Badarò 1824]
    • Centaurea calcitrapa subsp. horrida Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 396. 1882, nom. nov.
    • =Centaurea adulterina DC., Prodr. 6: 596. 1838

    Distribution

    AE(G) Ag Al BH dBe Bl(I M N) Bu nCa(dC dF dG ?H dL dT) Cg Cm Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gr He Ho Hs(G S) Hu It Jo Le Lu Ma Md(dM) Mk Rm Sa Si(M S) Sl Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) [pAu aBe(L) nBr nCa aCs aGa(C) nGe aHb(E) aLa aNo aPo aSk] 

    Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativeA,B,C,D,E,F; Algeria nativeG,H,I,J; Austria, with Liechtenstein introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationD; Baleares nativeD,K (Ibiza nativeL,M,N,O, Mallorca nativeL,M,O,P, Menorca nativeL,M,N,O,Q); Belgium, with Luxembourg native: doubtfully nativeR (Luxembourg casualS,T); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativeC,U; Bulgaria nativeC,D,V,W,X; Canary islands naturalisedH (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Gomera native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Hierro native: presence questionableAA, Lanzarote native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Tenerife native: doubtfully nativeY,Z); Corsica nativeAB,AC,AD,AE,AF,AG,AH,AI,AJ,AK,AL,AM,D; Crete, with Karpathos nativeAN,AO,AP,AQ,AR,C,D; Crimea nativeAS,AT,AU,AV,AW,D; Croatia nativeAF,AX,AY,C; Cyprus nativenativeAZ; Czech Republic casualBA,BB,BC,BD; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAO,AR,BE); Egypt nativeAN,BF,H; Former Yugoslavia nativeD; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands casualBG, France nativeAB,AE,AI,AL,BH,BI,D,O); Germany naturalisedBJ; Great Britain naturalisedBK,D; Greece nativeAN,AO,AP,C,D; Hungary nativeBL,BM,D; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland casualBN); Italy nativenativeAF,AM,BH,BO,BP,BQ,D; Jordan nativeBR,BS,BT; Latvia casualAS,BU,BV; Lebanon nativeAN,BT,BW,BX; Madeira archipelago nativeH (Madeira island native: doubtfully nativeBY,Z); Montenegro nativeBZ,C; Morocco nativeCA,CB,CC,H; Netherlands nativeCD; North Macedonia nativeC,CE,CF,CG,CH,CI,CJ; Norway casualCK; Poland casualCL,CM; Portugal nativeCN,CO,CP,CQ,D; Romania nativeC,CR,CS,D; Sardinia nativeAF,AM,BO,BQ,CT,D; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeC,CU; Sicily, with Malta nativeD (Malta nativeCV, Sicily nativenativeAF,AM,BO,BQ,CW); Slovakia casualCX,CY,CZ; Slovenia nativeDA,DB; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeD,K (Gibraltar nativeDC, Spain nativeCN,DD,DE,DF,DG,L,O); Switzerland nativeD,DH,DI; Syria nativeBT,BW; Tunisia nativeDJ,DK,G,H; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativenativeBE, Turkey-in-Europe nativeBE,DL); Ukraine, with Crimea nativeDM

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): Kokoçel yllorDN; Arabic (Lebanon): دَرْدارDO, مُرّارDO; Arabic (Syria): دَرْدارDP, مُرّارDP; Aragonese (Spain): abreojosDQ, abriojosDQ, abrojosDQ, obreullsDQ; Basque (Spain): lubeazunDQ, lubeazunaDQ, nabarr loreDQ, nabarrlosaDQ; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Дългоиглеста метличинаV; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): abraüllDQ, abraüllsDQ, abriüllDQ, abriüllsDQ, angeletsDQ, aubriüllsDQ, auriüllDQ, auriüllsDQ, blanquiellaDQ, blanquiellesDQ, blauetDQ, blavetDQ, cagatrepaDQ, cagatripaDQ, calcitrapaDQ, calcítrapaDQ, candellDQ, candellsDQ, cap-blauDQ, card estrellatDQ, card strellatDQ, card vermellDQ, espitlleraDQ, flor de blatDQ, floraviaDQ, floravia/floraviesDQ, floriviaDQ, foraviaDQ, herba de la febreDQ, herba espitlleraDQ, llumsDQ, narriolaDQ, obreüllDQ, obreüllsDQ, obri l´ullDQ, obriüllDQ, obriüllsDQ, riolaDQ, voraviaDQ, xoriviesDQ; Corsican (Corse): Scalza-villaniDR; Croatian (Croatia): Brk zečjiDS, Razmaknuta zečinaDT, SikavicaDS, Zvjezdasta zečinaDU, ŠčavicaDS; Czech (Czech Republic): Chrpa sikaviceDV, Sikavice červenáDV; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): KalketripDW; English (Great Britain): Red Star-thistleDX; English (Malta): Red Star-thistleDY; French (Belgium): Centaurée chausse-trapeDZ; French (Corse): Chausse-trapeDR; French (France): Centaurée Chausse-trapeEA, Centaurée étoiléeEA, Chardon étoiléEA; French (Switzerland): Centaurée Chausse-trapeEB; Galician (Madeira): cardo-de-cristoDQ; Galician (Spain): arsolaDQ, arzolaDQ, calcatripaDQ, cardo estreladoDQ, cardo-estreladoDQ, harzoaDQ, soldinaDQ; German (Germany): Stern-FlockenblumeBJ; German (Switzerland): Fussangel-FlockenblumeEC; High Aragonese (Spain): abreojosDQ, abriojosDQ, obreullsDQ; Italian (Italy): Fiordaliso stellatoBQ; Italian (Switzerland): CalcatreppolaED, Fiordaliso stellatoED; Majorcan (Mallorca): carc estrelladDQ, card estrellatDQ, cart blancDQ, cart estrellatDQ, floraviaDQ, floravíaDQ, riolaDQ; Polish (Poland): Chaber kolącyCL; Portuguese (Madeira): cardo-de-cristoDQ; Portuguese (Portugal): ambretaDQ, arzolaDQ, calcatripaDQ, calcitrapaDQ, calsatripaDQ, cardo esporadoDQ, cardo estreladoDQ, cardo estrelladoDQ, cardo-estreladoDQ, erva-escovinhaDQ, loios-dos-jardinsDQ, saudadesDQ; Slovak (Slovakia): Panevädza bodliakovitáEE; Slovenian (Slovenia): Trnati glavinecDB; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): abreojosDQ, abrepuñoDQ, abrepuñosDQ, abriojoDQ, abriojosDQ, abrojoDQ, abrojosDQ, azotacristosDQ, cagatripaDQ, calcitrapaDQ, calcítrapaDQ, cardoDQ, cardo azotacrihtoDQ, cardo estrelladoDQ, cardo garbanceroDQ, cardo garbanzueloDQ, cardo pinchosoDQ, centáura estrelladaDQ, encarnadaDQ, encojaperrosDQ, garbanzo del curaDQ, garbanzosDQ, garbanzos del curaDQ, garbanzueloDQ, mancaperroDQ, quiebracamasDQ, ramón sutilDQ, sopa de vinoDQ, trepa caballosDQ, trepacaballosDQ, trepacaballos encarnadoDQ; Swedish (Sweden): TistelklintEF; Ukrainian (Ukraine): Волошка колючоголоваEG; Valencian (Spain): abraüllsDQ, abreüllDQ, abreüllsDQ, abriullsDQ, abriüllDQ, abriüllsDQ, aubriüllsDQ, auriüllsDQ, card estrellatDQ, floraviaDQ, obriullsDQ, obriulls dels caminsDQ, obriüllDQ, obriüllsDQ, punxeraDQ, punxosesDQ

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