Centaurea calcitrapa

Centaurea calcitrapa

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Centaurea calcitrapa L., Sp. Pl.: 917. 1753
    • =Centaurea calcitrapoides L., Cent. Pl. 1: 29. 1755
    • =Calcitrapa stellaris Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 76. 1769
    • =Centaurea myacantha DC. in Lamarck & Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 4: 101. 1805
    • =Centaurea horrida Ten., Index Sem. Hort. Bot. Neapol. 1829: 15. 1829–1830 [non Centaurea horrida Badarò 1824]
    • Centaurea calcitrapa subsp. horrida Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 396. 1882, nom. nov.
    • =Centaurea adulterina DC., Prodr. 6: 596. 1838

    Distribution

    AE(G) Ag Al BH dBe Bl(I M N) Bu nCa(dC dF dG ?H dL dT) Cg Cm Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gr He Ho Hs(G S) Hu It Jo Le Lu Ma Md(dM) Mk Rm Sa Si(M S) Sl Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) [pAu aBe(L) nBr nCa aCs aGa(C) nGe aHb(E) aLa aNo aPo aSk] 

    Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativeA,B,C,D,E,F; Algeria nativeG,H,I,J; Austria, with Liechtenstein introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationD; Baleares nativeD,K (Ibiza nativeL,M,N,O, Mallorca nativeL,M,N,P, Menorca nativeL,M,N,O,Q); Belgium, with Luxembourg native: doubtfully nativeR (Luxembourg casualS,T); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativeC,U; Bulgaria nativeC,D,V,W,X; Canary islands naturalisedH (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Gomera native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Hierro native: presence questionableAA, Lanzarote native: doubtfully nativeY,Z, Tenerife native: doubtfully nativeY,Z); Corsica nativeD,AB,AC,AD,AE,AF,AG,AH,AI,AJ,AK,AL,AM; Crete, with Karpathos nativeC,D,AN,AO,AP,AQ,AR; Crimea nativeD,AS,AT,AU,AV,AW; Croatia nativeC,AF,AX,AY,AZ; Cyprus nativenativeBA; Czech Republic casualBB,BC,BD,BE; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAO,AR,BF); Egypt nativeH,AN,BG; Former Yugoslavia nativeD; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands casualBH, France nativeD,L,AB,AE,AI,AL,BI,BJ); Germany naturalisedBK; Great Britain naturalisedD,BL; Greece nativeC,D,AN,AO,AP; Hungary nativeD,BM,BN; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland casualBO); Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativenativeD,AF,AM,BI,BP,BQ,BR; Jordan nativeBS,BT,BU,BV; Latvia casualAS,BW,BX; Lebanon nativeAN,BU,BY,BZ; Madeira archipelago nativeH (Madeira island native: doubtfully nativeZ,CA); Montenegro nativeC,CB; Morocco nativeH,CC,CD,CE; Netherlands nativeCF; North Macedonia nativeC,CG,CH,CI,CJ,CK,CL; Norway casualCM; Poland casualCN,CO; Portugal nativeD,CP,CQ,CR,CS; Romania nativeC,D,CT,CU; Sardinia nativeD,AF,AM,BP,BR,CV; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeC,CW; Sicily, with Malta nativeD (Malta nativeCX, Sicily nativenativeAF,AM,BP,BR,CY); Slovakia casualCZ,DA,DB; Slovenia nativeDC,DD; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeD,K (Gibraltar nativeDE, Spain nativeL,M,CP,DF,DG,DH,DI); Switzerland nativeD,DJ,DK; Syria nativeBU,BY; Tunisia nativeG,H,DL,DM; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativenativeBF, Turkey-in-Europe nativeBF,DN); Ukraine, with Crimea nativeDO

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): Kokoçel yllorDP; Arabic (Lebanon): دَرْدارDQ, مُرّارDQ; Arabic (Syria): دَرْدارDR, مُرّارDR; Aragonese (Spain): abreojosDS, abriojosDS, abrojosDS, obreullsDS; Basque (Spain): lubeazunDS, lubeazunaDS, nabarr loreDT, nabarrlosaDT; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Дългоиглеста метличинаDU; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): abraüllDT, abraüllsDT, abriüllDT, abriüllsDT, angeletsDT, aubriüllsDT, auriüllDT, auriüllsDT, blanquiellaDT, blanquiellesDT, blauetDT, blavetDT, cagatrepaDT, cagatripaDT, calcitrapaDT, calcítrapaDT, candellDT, candellsDT, cap-blauDT, card estrellatDT, card strellatDT, card vermellDT, espitlleraDT, flor de blatDT, floraviaDT, floravia/floraviesDT, floriviaDT, foraviaDT, herba de la febreDT, herba espitlleraDT, llumsDT, narriolaDT, obreüllDT, obreüllsDT, obri l´ullDT, obriüllDT, obriüllsDT, riolaDT, voraviaDT, xoriviesDT; Corsican (Corse): Scalza-villaniDV; Croatian (Croatia): Brk zečjiDW, Razmaknuta zečinaDX, SikavicaDW, Zvjezdasta zečinaDY, ŠčavicaDW; Czech (Czech Republic): Chrpa sikaviceDZ, Sikavice červenáDZ; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): KalketripEA; English (Great Britain): Red Star-thistleEB; English (Malta): Red Star-thistleEC; Finnish (Finland): piikkikaunokkiED; French (Belgium): Centaurée chausse-trapeEE; French (Corse): Chausse-trapeDV; French (France): Centaurée Chausse-trapeEF, Centaurée étoiléeEF, Chardon étoiléEF; French (Switzerland): Centaurée Chausse-trapeEG; Galician (Madeira): cardo-de-cristoDT; Galician (Spain): arsolaDT, arzolaDT, calcatripaDT, cardo estreladoDT, cardo-estreladoDT, harzoaDT, soldinaDT; German (Germany): Stern-FlockenblumeEH; German (Switzerland): Fussangel-FlockenblumeEI; High Aragonese (Spain): abreojosDT, abriojosDT, obreullsDT; Italian (Italy): Fiordaliso stellatoEJ; Italian (Switzerland): CalcatreppolaEK, Fiordaliso stellatoEK; Majorcan (Mallorca): carc estrelladDT, card estrellatDT, cart blancDT, cart estrellatDT, floraviaDT, floravíaDT, riolaDT; Polish (Poland): Chaber kolącyEL; Portuguese (Madeira): cardo-de-cristoDT; Portuguese (Portugal): ambretaDT, arzolaDT, calcatripaDT, calcitrapaDT, calsatripaDT, cardo esporadoDT, cardo estreladoDT, cardo estrelladoDT, cardo-estreladoDT, erva-escovinhaDT, loios-dos-jardinsDT, saudadesDT; Slovak (Slovakia): Panevädza bodliakovitáDB; Slovenian (Slovenia): Trnati glavinecEM; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): abreojosDT, abrepuñoDT, abrepuñosDT, abriojoDT, abriojosDT, abrojoDT, abrojosDT, azotacristosDT, cagatripaDT, calcitrapaDT, calcítrapaDT, cardoDT, cardo azotacrihtoDT, cardo estrelladoDT, cardo garbanceroDT, cardo garbanzueloDT, cardo pinchosoDT, centáura estrelladaDT, encarnadaDT, encojaperrosDT, garbanzo del curaDT, garbanzosDT, garbanzos del curaDT, garbanzueloDT, mancaperroDT, quiebracamasDT, ramón sutilDT, sopa de vinoDT, trepa caballosDT, trepacaballosDT, trepacaballos encarnadoDT; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): tistelklintED; Swedish (Sweden): TistelklintEN; Ukrainian (Ukraine): Волошка колючоголоваEO; Valencian (Spain): abraüllsDT, abreüllDT, abreüllsDT, abriullsDT, abriüllDT, abriüllsDT, aubriüllsDT, auriüllsDT, card estrellatDT, floraviaDT, obriullsDT, obriulls dels caminsDT, obriüllDT, obriüllsDT, punxeraDT, punxosesDT

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